IOM launched a regional appeal for East and Horn of Africa for $71.6M in April 2020, to meet the many needs of these communities. This is the geopolitical backdrop to the Tigray emergency. Attaining peace will mean progressive trends can be maintained in the Horn of Africa for years to come. Skip to main Before the region came to be known as the Horn of Africa (abbreviated as HOA), it used to go by the name of Bilad al Barbar (literally translated to mean the Land of the Berbers). Removing advertising from your browsing experience is one of them - we don't just block ads, we redesign our pages to look smarter and load faster. It might also undermine the security efforts of other regional organisations. The TPLF later took responsibility for the attacks, claiming the airport was being used as a base for attacks on their forces. Copyright 2020 Jones Lang LaSalle IP, Inc. The Citizen (file photo). It is the strongest storm on record in Somalia. It is a region well known in African politics of being a volatile, hostile and poor place due to numerous conflicts, wars, and colorizations. Today, the EPRDF in its current iteration — the Prosperity Party — controls Ethiopian politics by a large majority. Latest articles on Horn Of Africa. Government forces and fighters loyal to the TPLF have been engaged in battles in the central north of Ethiopia since early November. There are many great benefits to being a Maverick Insider. Africa Open Letter-17 Nov 2020. The TPLF has long accused the government of Eritrea of, conspiring with authorities in Addis Ababa. Smart City development post Covid-19: Inspiration for Africa. It is the easternmost extension of African land and for the purposes of this article is defined as the region that is home to the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia, whose cultures have been linked throughout their long history. Nora Kristiansen is an Oslo-based political analyst specialising in corruption, warfare, and governance in Africa and the Middle East. This region is also home to the Great Rift Valley. 360. This trend sparked nationalist sentiments which produced several ethnically centered nationalistic movements, from student groups to separatist factions. Temporary US Pentagon chief makes rare visit to Somalia. The peoples of the Horn of Africa are intimately linked by thousands of years of shared culture and history yet there is much diversity in politics and religion. The dominant political party in Tigray today, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) was founded in 1975 as a militant group. The Horn region is one of the most conflict-ravaged areas on the African continent. The Horn of Africa. The Horn of Africa is the most conflict-ridden region on the continent. Uncover investment opportunities and capital sources – all over the world. content. Multiple reports have emerged in recent weeks of. Refugees from the conflict must be given the protection and aid necessary for them to survive and wait out the fighting. The history of the Horn of Africa has largely been dominated by Ethiopia and has been characterized by struggles between Muslim and other herdsmen and Christian farmers for resources and living space. Demand more from your real estate. PH November 25, 2020, 5:17 pm. DM. Nearly 20% of international trade occurs through the Bab al Mandab Strait and the edge of the Indian Ocean. This scenario has already been shown to be possible in Ethiopia’s. Implement tools, processes, and strategies that improve the value and performance of your real estate. She works with governments and anti-corruption NGOs in the Middle East and North Africa to improve the region's stability. On 15 November, several long-range rockets. On 17-21 November, Cyclone Gati formed in the Indian Ocean and made landfall on the 22nd near Xaafuun and the northern tip of northeast Somalia. The strides in regional cooperation and economic development are also under threat. "Five exclamation marks - the sure sign of an insane mind." The TPLF later took responsibility for the attacks, claiming the airport was being used as a base for attacks on their forces. BECOME AN INSIDER. US politics. At this stage, there are still several concrete steps that can be taken by the international community to mitigate the effects of the conflict and fend off escalation. along the Horn of Africa coast. News. Nearly 20% of international trade occurs through the Bab al Mandab Strait and the edge of the Indian Ocean. Go beyond cost and risk mitigation. The region is home to the rugged landscape of the Ethiopian Highlands. Tens of thousands have fled the area in the wake of deadly clashes threatening their safety. This video takes a look at the Horn of Africa with specific attention to leisure elements of the countries making up this region. The most visible aspect of this presence is the proliferation of military facilities in littoral areas along the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa. So far 72% of the required funds have been received. It is made up of eight different countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Southern Sudan and Djibouti. A climate crisis is contributing to hotter and drier conditions in the Horn of Africa. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider. Prolonged droughts caused failed harvests, high levels of … Other definitions of the Horn of Africa are more restrictive and exclude some or all of the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, and … JLL again named one of FORTUNE World’s Most Admired Companies, The Horn of Africa is a key region for Sub-Saharan, often overlooked as a travel destination because of conflict in the region. The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa encompassing Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Kenya and Somalia. I also added Sudan to the list because people who travel around the Horn also tend to pay a visit to Sudan. The Christians mostly spoke Semitic languages and the Muslims Cushitic tongues. Move into your first office, find a new one with room to grow, or develop a complete location strategy. The TPLF has long accused the government of Eritrea of conspiring with authorities in Addis Ababa first in disrupting local elections in Tigray back in July, and later claiming Eritrea was supporting federal operations against TPLF forces. The strides in regional cooperation and economic development are also under threat. Horn of Africa a 'bright spot' However, what some interpret to be an increasingly assertive and dynamic African foreign policy is more a result of domestic policies. The GDP of Saudi Arabia is more than double that of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, and Somalia combined. The consequences of the conflict have spread far beyond the region of Tigray. MAVERICK INSIDERS CAN COMMENT. Half of the endemic genera are restricted to Socotra, including the two Haemodracon gecko species and two snake genera, Ditypophis and Pachycalamus, represented by single endemic species. The origins of political struggle in Tigray date back to the early 20th century when a series of geopolitical upheavals began to take place including major colonialist clashes with Europe. ~ Terry Pratchett, Please sign in or register to enable this feature. The UN’s High Commission for Refugees is warning of an impending crisis as, Other neighbouring countries have been sucked into the schism. The movement in the Horn of Africa continues to make disciples, planting four new house churches every day. As Davos focuses on sustainability, how is real estate adapting? News. UN: Over 25,300 fleeing Ethiopia fighting have reached Sudan. with Egypt over the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam over the Blue Nile. The Horn of Africa is one of the most complex and conflicted regions of the world. Last, the route of mediation must not be abandoned. Since the beginning of 2020, increased tensions between the regional government in Tigray and federal authorities in Addis Ababa have spiralled into an actual armed conflict. Click here to see other benefits and to sign-up to our reader community supporting quality, independent journalism. This region could be said to embody the whole range of conflicts that are at the heart of the key issues shaping the 21st century. Horn of Africa. With Ethiopian civilians escaping in large numbers to Sudan, for instance, Khartoum may find itself inadvertently drawn into the war. Office Manager, Horn of Africa . first in disrupting local elections in Tigray back in July, and later claiming Eritrea was supporting federal operations against TPLF forces. Horn Of Africa Risks Second Wave Of Locust Infestation. The Red Sea has always been a vital waterway for Tel Aviv as it connects the country to East Africa, Asia and Oceania through the tiny outlet of Eilat. While this region used to experience one drought every decade, in the last decade, the Horn of Africa has suffered three droughts, as well as extreme flooding.Although there have been some rains lately, they have not been enough and they have lasted for shorter periods. His 17-year rule was marked by extreme civil unrest and complete economic collapse. Several countries including landlocked Ethiopia have a significant interest in the. The easternmost region of the African continent, the Horn of Africa is a beautiful part of the continent, very diverse, and typically composed of 4 countries: Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, and Ethiopia. Off the coast of Somalia sits the Indian Ocean. Nearly … The Horn of Africa faces myriad crises. Tens of thousands have fled the area in the wake of deadly clashes threatening their safety. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. The Horn of Africa and the Gulf States are bound together, yet far from being aligned. Any more spilling over of the conflict could trigger escalations on an international scale as several powers including China and the US maintain military assets in the region. Such deafness reflects the west’s declining influence and neglect of the Horn of Africa. Share Tweet Get Stories like this. The latest escalation began in early November when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali ordered his forces to attack the TPLF in retaliation for an alleged raid on an Ethiopian army camp in the Tigray region — an accusation the TPLF leadership denies. The Horn of Africa is located in the southern part of the African continent and is one of the most unstable regions in the world. Poverty in Ethiopia: Ethiopia is one of the most populated countries in Africa and one of the poorest … Select which newsletters you'd like to receive, Since the beginning of 2020, increased tensions between the regional government in Tigray and federal authorities in Addis Ababa, into an actual armed conflict. East Africa Economy East Africa Tech Science in the Horn Africa’s internet economy is booming but it needs more software developers Nov 16, 2020 Senior News Editor The hotspot's six endemic reptile genera include Haackgreerius, a monotypic genus of skink found in Somalia, and Aeluroglena, which is represented by a single species of snake. Grace Njuguna. Thats because the region was anciently inhabited by the Eastern Barbaroi or Baribah (Berbers)as referred to by the ancient Greek and the Medieval Arabs respectively. It is a region of interest to the European and American world powers because its location is strategic for maritime trade, for the passage of oil ships and goods. The period of stability and peace over the past several years has allowed for cooperation to coalesce around these shared interests, but the brewing civil war threatens all of this progress. Crisis Group experts covering the long-feared escalation and the broader Horn of Africa discuss reaching a ceasefire and how to address the underlying need for a broader national dialogue. First is the necessity to protect human rights from those directly affected by the conflict. That’s what we want from our members. Media sources report 27,000 Ethiopians have now crossed into Sudan through the Hamdayet border in Kassala, as well as several other checkpoints including El Gedaref further south at Aderafi. The Horn of Africa is a key region for Sub-Saharan, often overlooked as a travel destination because of conflict in the region Join Alan Boswell and his guests who will be delving deep into these issues in Season 2 of The Horn podcast. East Africa: Why Somali Polls Are Critical for the Country and Horn of Africa. This scenario has already been shown to be possible in Ethiopia’s long-standing conflict with Egypt over the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam over the Blue Nile. The situation in socially, ethnically or religiously fragmented societies is currently very worrying. Over two weeks since the start of clashes, the conflict is looking increasingly like a full-blown civil war. The Horn of Africa's highest levels of endemism occur among reptiles, with more than 90 of around 285 species found nowhere else. Attaining peace will mean progressive trends can be maintained in the Horn of Africa for years to come. More articles . The latest escalation began in early November when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali ordered his forces to attack the TPLF in retaliation for an alleged raid on an Ethiopian army camp in the Tigray region — an accusation the TPLF leadership, The consequences of the conflict have spread far beyond the region of Tigray. However, after the formation of the multi-ethnic coalition known as the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), TPLF was shifted to the opposition. Multiple reports have emerged in recent weeks of civilians being targeted by both sides in events described as brutal massacres. Many political analysts blame his failures as a leader on his attempts to realign the … Each of the countries of the Horn—Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Sudan—suffers from protracted political strife, arising from local and national grievance, identity politics and regional inter-state rivalries. This region is the easternmost projection of Africa. With the potential calamity for the entire region looming, international leaders have been desperately, First is the necessity to protect human rights from those directly affected by the conflict. Media sources report, have now crossed into Sudan through the Hamdayet border in Kassala, as well as several other checkpoints including El Gedaref further south at Aderafi. A resolution of the Tigray conflict is not merely in the interest of Ethiopians, it is a vital necessity for the region as a whole. The Horn of Africa or HOA, in‌ ‌short, a peninsula situated in the northeast of the African continent. The new bloc bears the risk of alienating the other countries in the East African region. SHARES. Sudan has already found itself forcefully involved in the spat. by. The East African (Nairobi) opinion By Otieno Joel. The UN’s High Commission for Refugees is warning of an impending crisis as thousands continue to be displaced by the fighting. On 15 November, several long-range rockets hit the Eritrean capital of Asmara near the city’s airport. In recent years the region has become prone to more intense, frequent and recurrent droughts. At the same time, it hosts the most and largest peace missions, both from the United Nations and the African Union. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. A resolution of the Tigray conflict is not merely in the interest of Ethiopians, it is a vital necessity for the region as a whole. Zakaria Yusuf. As long as financial, political, and military imbalances set the scene, short-term gains will define the development of the security complex over the Red Sea. In 1974 a military coup d'etat allowed Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam to rise to power as the new head of state in Ethiopia. near the city’s airport. The HOA juts into the Arabian Sea for hundreds of kilometres and is located along the south of the Gulf of Aden. These include the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the African Union, and the Eastern Africa … The Horn of Africa itself is of significant interest to many countries that consider themselves a geopolitical entity, since its geographical location allows it to control the connection between the Red Sea (and therefore the Suez Canal) and the … Several countries including landlocked Ethiopia have a significant interest in the development of ports along the Horn of Africa coast. It later came to be referred to as the Horn of Africa by the pre-colonial British Immigrants who got the name from the horn-shape appearance of this land from the ma… Closer to the equator, the land is generally flat with some plateaus rising abo… While authorities in Addis Ababa have not responded to calls for talks, signs of solidarity on the ground in Tigray indicate there is still a real possibility for a negotiated peace. It’s not too late to silence the guns in Ethiopia. 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