stamens only are functional. Solanaceae: Position, Vegetative Characters and Examples ... simple, entire or lobed, pinnately compound in tomato, unicostate reticulate venation. Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes and some are xerophytes (Solanum suratense). Stem: Erect or climber; Solanaceae includes herbs, shrubs, small trees, and climbers. Food: Some plants of this family are used as food Sonic of these are lettuce (fsi.–), roots and leaves of cichory. 3. Datura stramonium: The dried leaves and flower tops of this plant are the source of the drug stramonium. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, axile placentation, placentae swollen, ovules many in each loculus, ovary obliquely placed; style simple, hairy; stigma bilobed. Parts and Function of the Ovary in the Flower. Characteristics and economic importance of family Solanaceae. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Solanaceae. Petals 5, gamopetalous, rotate, valvate, five lobed, white, inferior. Stamens 5, epipetalous, filaments long, anthers basifixed, introrse, dithecous. Fruit: The fruit is mostly berry sometimes enclosed within an inflated bladder-like calyx (Physalis) or it is a capsule which dehisces by valves (Datura) or circumcised above the middle (Hyoscyamus). The economic importance of Fabacae.i. Floral Formula, Floral Diagram& Plant Families Professor: Shaina Khan 2. Two flower. Extra-axillary helicoid cymes. What are the general characters of bryophytes? (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Atropa belladona contains alkaloid Atropine; this is used in Belladona plaster. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Flower: The flowers appear to be solitary and axillary as in Datura. Solanaceae: General characters, Distribution, Important plants, Economic importance and Floral diagram Posted on : 19-11-2017 Posted by : Admin The family belongs to the order Solanales, in the asterid group and class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons). The ovary is usually bilobular, occasionally unilocular (Capsicum). This plant is one of the important ingredients in ayurvedic reparations. Floral characters. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. Asteraceae (Compositae) Floral formula , characters & importance Selection_009 Floral formula of Sun Flower: pin. Corolla is gamopetalous and funnel-shaped (Datura), campanulate (physalis), rotate (Solanum). A hypogynous nectariferous disc is usually present at the base of the ovary. In India, this family is represented by 15 genera and 88 species. It grows inside a spiny, green husk. google_ad_client: "ca-pub-5414192315724946", Corolla: The corolla consists of 5 petals. Its members are characterized by flowers with five petals, sepals, and stamens and typically bear alternate leaves. For example: Solanum jasminoides (fragrant, white tinted blue flowers), Solanum dulcamara (violet spotted green flowers), Solanum seaforthianum (blue or purple flowers). Capsicum annum: These fruits when dried are the source of chilli powder. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); It is used as food. Hallier regarded Solanaceae as a primitive member of the tubiflorae together with the Scrophulariaceae and both have arisen very likely from the Linaceae. Solanaceae is an economically important family of flowering plants. The fruits of capsicum species for example Capsicum frutescence are used in making hot sauces and also it is used as a vegetable. Withania somnifera (H. Asgandh, Sanskrit – Ashwangandha): Von Wettstein divided the family in to five tribes and two groups: A. Embryo curved like a semicircle,.stamens 5, filaments equal. Floral Formula - Solanaceae Family Representation. In Solanum tuberosum the stem is an underground tuber. Several other Solanum species are climbers which are cultivated in gardens. The aestivation is valvate. Corolla: Sympetalous, 5-lobed or 6-cleft, actinomorphic (in disc-florets) or zygomorphic or ligulate (in ray- florets). Floral formula and floral Diagram of Solanaceae. This alkaloid possesses the property of overcoming the spasm of involuntary muscles, dilating pupils and relieving pains. Apart from acting as food, potato is also a source of some industrial products like dextrin, syrup, starch and several other alcohols. Petunia, Cestrum, Lycium, Salpiglossis, Schizanthus are cultivated in gardens for ornamentals. Flower diagram of Vaccinium, a well-known genus of Ericaceae. Plant taxonomy topic solanaceae.in which complete description are present about family solanaceae . Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. Like and Follow us on Facebook and Telegram for latest updates... // . Hyoscyamus niger: The dried leaves and the flower tops of this plant constitute the drug henbane. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Occasionally, self-pollination may occur in Nicotiana. - Floral diagram of Solanum - the arrow indicates Schizanthus - the arrow indicates the oblique symmetry of the the oblique symmetry. Its members are characterized by flowers with five petals, sepals, and stamens and alternate leaves. Inflorescence solitary axillary or terminal. Solanaceae 1-Floral formula In this floral formula of the Solanaceae, note that the sepals are connate, the petals are connate into a sympetalous corolla, the stamens are epipetalous, the syncarpous gynoecium consists of 2 carpels, and the ovary is superior. Hence this family is considered as economically important. They are mainly found in Central and South America. In … Mandragora autumnalis: The roots of these plants are used as sedative and Hypnotic agent. Stamens 5, polyandrous epipetalous, alternipetalous, filaments shorts, equal in length, anthers long and conniving, basifixed, dithecous, and dehiscence by apical pores. }); Pushpendu Mondal has completed his Bachelors in Microbiology Honours form St. Xavier's College, Kolkata and completed his Masters from IIT Bombay in Biotechnology. Rendle placed the family in the Tubiflorae, assigning a separate position for the Convolvulaceae under the order Convolvulales. In India it is represented by 70 species of 21 genera. Solanum tubersum (potato-white or Irish potato): It is an important plant in this family. Calyx and corolla are gamosepalous and gamopetalous. Solanum nigrum, the European black nightshade or simply black nightshade or blackberry nightshade, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Solanum, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia, and South Africa.Ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. It is also used as the source of alkaloid atropine. Floral formula: Distribution of Asclepiadaceae: The family Asclepiadaceae is commonly known as ‘Milk weed family’. 00:02:16. Tobacco is also used for chewing and snuff. The petiole commonly shows adnation with the stem. Economic Importance 4. Cauline, ramal, opposite, simple, exstipulate, petiolate ovate, entire, acute, covered with glandular branched hair, unicostate reticulate venation. 00:02:37. Seed: The seeds are numerous, compresses, discoid or suberniform, dicotyledonous, endospermic with curved or straight (Nicotiana) embryo. Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? 00:02:16. Solanum melongena is used as a vegetable. Leaves show alternate or terminal phyllotaxy in the vegetative regions. The stigma in flower is the upper part of the pistil that receives the pollen. Root System: Taproot system. The seeds yield semi-drying oil used in paints and varnishes. And in the region of inflorescence, leaves appear to be opposite or whorled due to the fusion of petiole with the internode. Content Guidelines 2. Stamens 5, epipetalous, polyandrous, alternipetalous, filaments inserted deep in the corolla tube, anthers dithecous, usually basifixed or dorsifixed, introrse, inferior. Note-worthy genera of the continental United States and/or Canada include Lonicera, Valeriana, Valerianella, Dipsacus, Vascular bundles are bicollateral type. it's miles used as … ... Floral diagram with floral formula (Solanum nigrum or black nightshade): Some important plants of the family: Solanum tuberosum (potato) Solanum melongena (brinjal) This family is distributed in tropical to temperate region world wide. This alkaloid is the basis for the drug belladonna used in tinctures and plasters. The family is of great economic importance. Gynoecium bicarpellary with 3-5 locules e.g. Root system: The members of this family have tap root system. The flowers are ebracteate, ebracteolate, pedicillate, actinomorphic or sometimes zygomorphic (Salpiglossis, Schizanthus), complete, bisexual (unisexual in Withania), pentamerous and hypogynous. Solanaceae bears a close relationship to the Boraginaceae in alternate leaves, regular flowers and five stamens. 3. HARD. It is related to Convolvulaceae in the presence of persistent calyx, twisted corolla and false septum. In includes 320 genera and 2,000 species of world wide distribution, but mostly confined to tropics and sub-tropics. Economic Importance of Asclepiadaceae: 1. Medicinal: Artemisia yields a drug santonine. The berries of Physalis alkekengi are also edible. Physalis peruviana (H. Rasbhari) produces edible berries. Leaf: Leaves are simple, entire, lobed, exstipulate and petiolate. They are usually unequal in height. 4. Atropine is used in eye testing. The following is a list of some important members of family Solanaceae, arranged alphabetically: The family solanaceae contributes several important food, drug and ornamental plants to human race. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, pentafid, valvate, persistent, green, hairy, inferior. Pushpendu Mondal. Fruit is Septifragal capsule in Datura and Nicotiana. Cauline, simple opposite decussate, exstipulate, ovate, unicostate reticulate venation. Lycopersicum esculentum: It is also known as Solanum lycopersicum or tomato. Solanum species: Solanum tuberosum is most important food crop after cereals. Herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, solid, branched, hairy, green. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Describe important features of family Solanaceae. Several members are cultivated through out the world for their great economic importance; among them are Solarium tuberosum (Potato), Solarium melongena (Bringal), Lycopersicurn esculentum (Tomato) etc. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, unilocular in Henoonia, axile placentation placentae swollen, many ovules in each loculus, ovary obliquely placed; in some cases nectariferous disc is present; style simple; stigma bifid or capitate. Some economically important members are : Solanum tuberosum (potato), important vegetable Floral Formula Class 11 Biology 1. Plants herbs, shurbs rarely trees; leaves alternate, flowers solitary or in cymes; axillary or terminal; flowers pentamerous, actinomorphic, hypogynous, hermaphrodite, calyx persistent, gamosepalous, corolla gamopetalous, campanulate; stamens epipetalous; gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary obliquely placed, axile placentation; swollen placentae; ovules many in each locules; fruit capsule or berry. 2. The family includes 2,000 species belonging to 90 genera. Aerial, erect, climbing (Solanum jasminoides), herbaceous, or woody, cylindrical, branched, solid or hollow, hairy, or glabrous, underground stem in Solanum tuberosum. Physalis peruviana: It is also known as raspberry. Trick To Learn Floral Formula And Diagrams Of Family Fabaceae Neet Important Questions Of Morphology Of Flowering Plants Zigya ... Solanaceae Liliaceae And Fabaceae Family An Overview Asphodelus Tenuifolius Piazi Family Liliaceae … When looking at a diagram of a flower, the ovary is … Family Characteristics of Gynoecium Fabaceae Monocarpellary, ovary unilocular, marginal placentation Solanaceae Bicarpellary syncarpous, carpels placed obliquely, bilocular, axile placentation Liliaceae Tricarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, axile placentation b. 8. Different varieties of tobacco are cultivated for different products like hukka, bidi, cigarette, cigar and pipe tobacco. The lobes of calyx are valvate in bud. Of all the Nicotiana species, Nicotiana rustica has high nicotine content and is cultivated to a very small extent. This oil is used as cooking oil. Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) yields Nicotine. In Solanaceae, flower is pedicelate, bracteate or ebracteate, bisexual, actinomorphic, complete, hypogynous, pentamerous. View Answer. 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