In 1864, a track-laying crew from the Central Pacific Railroad came eastward across the plain from Sacramento, building the western half of the nation's first transcontinental railroad.They crossed a small rail line (the California Central Railroad) that linked the young towns of Lincoln and Folsom, and gave the spot the imaginative name of Junction. CENTRAL PACIFIC–UNION PACIFIC RACECENTRAL PACIFIC–UNION PACIFIC RACE, a construction contest between the two railroad companies bidding for government subsidies, land grants, and public favor. San Francisco. Initially each company continued to operate under its own name, but in 1992 operations of the Rio Grande and Cotton Belt were consolidated with those of the SPTC, and the system became known as the Southern Pacific Lines. Those locomotives were the workhorses of rail history up to that point; they were the pioneers, completing the historic first trips across the United States. Two existing Texas railroads, the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway running between Houston and San Antonio and the Texas and New Orleans Railroad from Houston to Orange, fit into Huntington's plans. However, the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) took exception to the merger conditions. Both railroad companies, under separate federal and state laws, had been granted permission to build and/or change railroad lines in the state of California for the purposes of connecting with interstate railways. Consequentially, since building fast brought in more cash than building efficiently, the two lines spent little time choosing routes; they just laid track and cashed in[27]. Since 1969 it has been owned by the Union Pacific Corporation, a holding company. 4These are rights that one railroad (tenant) secures from another railroad (landlord) to move freight over the landlord’s lines using the tenant’s own locomotives, cars, and crews. The Central Pacific Railroad, now part of the Union Pacific Railroad, was built between California and Utah. On April 30, 1993, the name of Rio Grande Industries was changed to Southern Pacific Rail Corporation. In 1840 work began on a railroad from Harrisburg to the Brazos River that was later chartered as the Harrisburg Rail Road and Trading Company. The Octopus; A History of the Construction, Conspiracies, Extortions, Robberies, and Villainous Acts of the Central Pacific, Southern Pacific of ... Railroads - Scholar's Choice Edition: R, Robinson John: Amazon.com.mx: Libros The Southern Pacific also owned several railroads in Mexico, the longest of which was the Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico, which ran from Nogales on the Arizona-Sonora border to Guadalajara. Seizing the opportunity, Huntington and his associates built east along the Texas and Pacific survey and reached El Paso about May 19, 1881. However, it holds an important place in American history by helping establish the Transcontinental Railroad in conjunction with the Union Pacific. 1867. The Houston and Texas Central acquired the Washington County in 1869 and extended the line to Austin, where the last spike was driven on 2:30 P.M. on Christmas Day 1871. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/southern-pacific-system. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. Being the first company, the Southern Pacific managed to acquire control of more than 87 percent of the Cotton Belt Railroad. Work on the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway began in 1851, and by late 1860 the line was open from Harrisburg to Alleyton. reset. In 1913, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Union Pacific had to sell all of its stock to the Southern Pacific. McKenney's business directory of the principal towns of Central and Southern California, Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colorado and Kansas : including cities and towns on the Southern Pacific, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, Kansas Pacific, and St. Joseph and Western railroads by L.M. George C. Werner, 4.0 out of 5 stars Solid Southern Pacific Railroad History. Instead, the company was ordered to make some changes, one of which resulted in the StLA&T was acquired by the new St. Louis Southwestern of Jay Gould in 1891. Union Pacific Crews Pass 100th Meridian. Built in Sacramento, California, the engine became the company's pride and joy. The new charter approved a route from Marshall to El Paso and San Diego, and required 100 consecutive miles of construction by 1882. The original Southern Pacific, Southern Pacific Railroad, was founded as a land holding company in 1865, later acquiring in 1885 the Central Pacific Railroad through leasing. The Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific and the Houston and Texas Central Railway companies were owned by the Morgan company and included in the sale to the Southern Pacific. In 1982 the Union Pacific merged with two other railroads, the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company (headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri) and the Western Pacific Railroad Company (headquartered in San Francisco), to form what came to be called the Union Pacific System. Between 1874 and 1881, the Southern Pacific used its resources from all over the United States to build new tracks that would span the country. Collis P. Huntington, Railroad Promoter And Part Of The Central Pacific's "Big Four" Leland Stanford, Central Pacific Financier And Part Of The "Big Four" Mark … The feat was accomplished on January 12, 1883, when the second transcontinental railroad line was completed.² Ferrocarril Sud Pacífico de Mexico. The Texas and New Orleans became the western end of the first all-rail route to New Orleans when the connecting Louisiana Western was completed on August 26, 1880. McKenney & Co The Central Pacific relied on Chinese immigrant workers. Central Pacific and Southern Pacific office building. Font size: [T.E. Following the purchase, the Southern Pacific merged the Central Pacific Railroad into its system in 1870. AbeBooks.com: The Central Pacific & The Southern Pacific Railroads (9780831070342) by Beebe, Lucius and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. The Oregon Electric operated from Portland west to Forest Grove and south to Eugene. took control of all rail operations in the United States in the interest of national security, as it prepared for World War I. ... and other corporations owned by the Southern Pacific Co. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line that connects their railroads. In two of these lawsuits the plantiffs attempted to put the Central Pacific Railroad under State of California operation, and to bankrupt its former owners. Between that date and March 10, 1902, a total of seven Southern Pacific Railroad companies were chartered and operated, the last of which was merged with the Southern Pacific Company on September 30, 1955. Reviewed in the United States on December 20, 2018. By 1900, the Southern Pacific system was a major railroad system incorporating many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad. The "Big Four," as they were known, also controlled the Central Pacific Railroad Company, which built the western end of the original transcontinental railroad. The newly merged company was then able to machine-tool their own parts, and built their first locomotive in June 1873. Southern Pacific acquired SSW control on April 14, 1932, strengthening a relationship established in 1919, and operated it as part of the SP system. Southern Pacific is acquired The Texas and Pacific was still ten miles to the east. On December 28, 1917, the federal government Ca. By 1883, the line extended all the way to New Orleans. The Southern Pacific Railroad was founded in 1865 and was purchased in 1869 by Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, ... Central Pacific Railway Company. This was then leased to Southern Pacific on July 1. This resulted in the sale of the SPTC to Rio Grande Industries, parent company of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company, on October 13, 1988. In 1876 the Southern Pacific completed a line through the San Joaquin Valley of California, connecting San Francisco and Los Angeles. The Big Four had, in 1861, created the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR). 1866. shortened name of Santa Fe Pacific Corporation. Southern Pacific Railroad Station at Third and Townsend. War intervenes The SP went on to become one of the giants of US railroading, stretching from the Pacific Northwest into Texas and New Orleans. Since congressmen wanted the road built quickly, they made two key decisions. That innovative rail car made the transportation of large cargo much easier and created more versatile ways to move industrial equipment. San Joaquin County had subscribed to stock in the Western Pacific Railroad, and at the time of this road's merger into the Central Pacific the county's stocks seemingly disappeared. Title: U. S. Government Railroad Commissioners' Reports for Central Pacific and Southern Pacific Railroad lines creator: United States . Up to 32 miles of track were operated due to rights over the Southern Pacific to West Salem, Dallas and Airlie. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. Durant Named UP's 1st VP and General Manager. The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work. Durant Hires General Dodge. See also RAILROADS and ATCHISON, TOPEKA AND SANTA FE RAILWAY SYSTEM. The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. 1875. A A Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Central Pacific and the Southern Pacific Railroads by Lucius Beebe (1963, Hardcover) at the best online prices at … On April 1, 1885, the Southern Pacific railroad decided to take control of their partner, the Central Pacific. That said, here are a couple of interesting facts about railroad ownership. ISBN. During the early 1980s the rapid changes in the United States economy and mergers among other western railroad companies made it increasingly difficult for the Southern Pacific Transportation Company and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company to compete as independent railroads. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. Four years later, on October 13, 1988, the Southern Pacific Railroad was acquired by Rio Grande Industries. E. H. Harriman bought the bankrupt Union Pacific in 1897; in 1901 he assumed control of the Central Pacific and Southern Pacific as well. Following the war, the federal government slowly allowed control to revert to private hands, beginning with the Southern Pacific. The Southern Pacific Railroad was founded in 1865 by a group of businessmen led by Timothy Phelps. Although this company subsequently failed, and its charter lapsed, this was the first attempt to build a railroad over a route that later became a part of the Southern Pacific. (in the Ohio Valley), the M&O … Historically, the lines comprising the Southern Pacific ran from Ogden, Utah, to the San Francisco area and from Portland, Oregon, through California, and across Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas to New Orleans, Louisiana. University of California, Berkeley Contributing Institution UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library Collection … Personal correspondence. On March 1, 1927, the major Texas and Louisiana subsidiaries were leased to the T&NO, with which they were merged on June 30, 1934. Santa Fe and Southern Pacific wanted WP in 1962, but neither got it. The Lands of the Central Pacific and Southern Pacific Railroad Companies. 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