Because they bloom early and the flowers are vulnerable to frost damage, select areas with good air drainage to avoid frost pockets. Don’t worry about the plant becoming invasive, as serviceberry trees can be grown near to buildings without problems. Beyond yearly pruning, the Saskatoon Serviceberry requires no special care. If you want to get technical, the botanical name for juneberry is amelanchier. The serviceberry can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–8. Notes: Leaves are 1.5 – 2.5 inches, oblong-elliptic in shape, and finely toothed. Where to find Juneberry Plants. This species produces the best quality fruit. Saskatoons are adaptable to most soil types with exception of poorly drained or heavy clay soils lacking organic matter. This shrub doesn't have any special water needs beyond normal rainfall and can be somewhat drought tolerant. Nutt. This is an excellent landscape specimen for planting along the edges of woodland gardens or large border plantings. Plant database entry for Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) with 23 images and 35 data details. Soil / Climate: Saskatoon is native to North America and adaptable to most soil types but prefers moist soils in swamps and thickets. Its edible berries are enjoyed by birds and are edible to humans. Consult with the harvesting The branches can grow quite thick, and benefit from yearly pruning in early spring or autumn. Space plants 12 to 15 feet apart, or group trees closer together to form a … In early American folklore, the plant’s flowering time signaled pioneers that the ground had thawed enough in spring for the burial of the winter’s dead. Prolonged drought may affect the production of berries, also, as is found with other berries. This shrub grows best in a slightly acidic, moist (but not wet) and well-drained soil. More Varieties of Serviceberry Credit: Jay Wilde 'Regent' Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' is a compact shrub that grows 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide. ex M. Roem. It will tolerate alkaline soil and is also tolerant of ... Light. The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Amelanchier alnifolia . Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia) is a native of western Minnesota's prairies and is a 6-to-9-foot shrub. Cultivation and uses. Some people enjoy the berries also; they have a blueberry-like flavor and can be used in much the same way for making pies, cobblers, or preserves. Tree Type Mature Size The downy serviceberry grows to a height of 15–25' and a spread of 15–25' at maturity. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) The Saskatoon Serviceberry does equally well in full sun or partial sun. Native plant to the American Great Plains, it is quite drought tolerant. Small blue-green leaves turn brilliant yellow and red in fall and the light gray bark is smooth with vertical streaks add winter interest. Make a hole in the soil which is about 5 times as wide as the root ball. To be on the safe side, don't eat too many fresh serviceberries. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. When ordering, make sure you ask for Amelanchier alnifolia, which is known in Canada and the Midwest U.S. as saskatoon berry. It forms root suckers, and if allowed to grow, will result in the plant growing as a shrub rather than a tree. Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) The Saskatoon Serviceberry is a beautiful ornamental shrub that grows 6 to 10 feet tall. Serviceberry flower and fruit best in full sun, but tolerate some shade. They are also available throughout the year when frozen. Its name is derived from a Cree word (misâskwatômina) meaning “the fruit of the tree of many branches." Water as needed to keep the soil moist but never soggy. Mulch the shrub to control weeds and keep the soil evenly moist. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Soil — Plant in acidic, fertile, moist but well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Saskatoons ripen in early summer on the coast and late summer … A type of serviceberry, Saskatoon shrubs are especially valued for their cold-hardiness, as this tough plant can survive numbing temperatures of -60 F. (-51 C.). The landscaper recommending them called them serviceberry, which struck me as an odd name indeed. It is an edible, medicinal, and ornamental plant. If you plan to use a me-chanical harvester for a commercial farm, the row spacing will be wider. Soil. Saskatoon Serviceberries are hardy plants that only need occasional attention. Most Saskatoon bushes are self-fruiting, which means it isn’t necessary to plant another bush nearby. Plant in full sun with protection from the wind, spacing them one to 1.3 metres apart. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. The tree, which is technically a shrub, grows to a height of eight to ten feet, and reaches six or seven feet in width. It should get a minimum of four hours of direct light per day to ensure proper fruiting of its berries in summer. By working compost into the soil before you plant it, it will help in the strong establishment of the plant because of excellent maintenance of the moisture in the soil. Pruning should be done in the fall in order to avoid excessive loss of sap. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Nearly any type of well-drained soil is suitable for Saskatoon bushes, although the shrubs don’t do well in heavy clay. View Map. It provides three seasons of visual interest, with fragrant, pendulous white blossoms in spring tha attract butterflies, juicy purple berries (also called Juneberries) in summer which are beloved by birds, and a dramatic autumn color switch when the leaves turn from bluish green to brilliant shades of red, orange and yellow. It would look terrific as a shrub border or planted in front of a dark backdrop to highlight the Serviceberry's colors. There are a few pests to be aware of with this shrub, including fireblight, mildew, rust, fungal leaf spots, and cankers. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for a Weeping Willow Tree. However, a second bush can sometimes generate larger harvests. The taste can be somewhat bland owing to their being more sweet than tart, and, like blueberries, fresh lemon zest or juice is often used to boost their flavor in recipes. Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a medium to large upright, multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest. Begin with disease- and pest-free stock from a reputable nursery, as Saskatoon bushes are vulnerable to pests and disease. However, don’t mulch until late spring when the soil is warm and relatively dry. Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Below is a list of sources of juneberry plants, courtesy of Cornell Cooperative Extension of Ontario County. #FSS1 - Serviceberry Shadblow (Amelanchier canadensis) Masses of white, early spring flowers emerge before any trees leaf out, edible purple/red fruit in mid-summer, then bright yellow to red foliage in fall. It will tolerate wet sites and transplants easily. Use by Wildlife: Saskatoon serviceberry is a valuable wildlife plant. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Seedlings are planted with 13–20 feet (4.0–6.1 m) between rows and 1.5–3 feet (0.46–0.91 m) between plants. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A light dressing of manure every other autumn will keep the root system healthy. It’s best to water at the base of the shrub and avoid sprinklers, as damp foliage makes the shrub more susceptible to fungal diseases. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Seeds can be sown in fall or, using a cold-stratification method, in spring. Berries ripen in late June or early July. Saskatoon berries, with a flavor reminiscent of cherry with a hint of almond, are rich in protein, fiber and antioxidants. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Indian Pear, Prairie Berries, Juneberries, North America (Northeast and Midwest USA, Canada). Serviceberry is an easy plant to grow. Attractive to pollinators, they are followed by abundant, edible, dark purple berries in summer. For gardens or hand-picked field crops, space your rows 10 to 12 feet apart. The Regent Saskatoon Serviceberry is an early-flowering, ornamental shrub. The city of Saskatoon in Saskatchewan is named for it. Put in a large amount of water, and wait for the soil and root to fully absorb this liquid. Many would describe the taste of saskatoon as having a sweet, nutty almond flavor. Specimens planted in spring take longer to become established in the landscape and require more water initially. (Here’s an explanation of its origin if you’re curious.) It is an edible, medicinal, and ornamental plant. Grow serviceberry trees purchased from a local nursery and plant from spring to early fall in moist, well-drained soils. What is a Saskatoon bush? Other common names: juneberry, western shadbush, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Pigeon berry. is a deciduous shrub or small tree with edible fruit similar to blueberries. Mature Height: 10-20 ft. Growing Saskatoon Bushes. Three ways to propagate serviceberries. This shrub grows best in a slightly acidic, moist (but not wet) and well-drained soil. Rabbits and mice may also enjoy chewing on the bark; one natural cure for this is spraying with a solution of water with shaved Irish Spring soap (dissolve one shaved bar into one quart hot water, then dilute with two gallons on water; shake before using). If the root system becomes exposed, add some topsoil around the base. In extended periods of drought, however, lasting more than two weeks, or more than a week with daily temperatures over 85F, a deep watering at the base of the tree will help keep it healthy. cially during winter, plant saskatoons in locations where they will be sheltered from the wind. Amend the soil by digging in organic matter such as compost, grass clippings or chopped leaves. The Saskatoon Serviceberry does equally well in full sun or partial sun. Saskatoon shrubs are attractive plants that bloom in spring and produce scads of bluish-purple Saskatoon berries in summer. Saskatoon bushes generally reach heights of 6 to 10 feet (2-3 m.), depending on the cultivar. Over time, the suckers will cause the plant to form a small colony. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Nets are often used to protect fruit from hungry birds. Presently, most juneberry plant material can only be sourced in Canada. Like blueberries, they also contain many beneficial nutrients, including antioxidants, magnesium, iron, vitamin E, and fiber: toss them in your morning smoothie for a nutritional boost. Peg Aloi is an experienced gardener and writer whose interests include the folklore of plants and herbs. Keep weeds in check; Saskatoon shrubs don’t compete well. Very cold winters or very hot summers are not suitable for this shrub's growing habit. Serviceberry ?Saskatoon? The seeds of the Saskatoon Serviceberry can be toxic if eaten in a large quantity (similar to apple seeds; indeed, this plant is more closely related to apple trees than to blueberry shrubs). This will also improve texture and drainage of clay soil. The Saskatoon Serviceberry has blue/green foliage and beautiful red and yellow fall color. They are also high in fiber, protein and antioxidants. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The berries are often cooked into pies. Plant in autumn if possible. Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia) look much like blueberries, though they are more closely related to the apple family. These shrubs grow somewhat slowly, but over time can easily form colonies, so keep an eye out for root suckers and trim them to keep growth under control; if a hedge is desired, plant them five feet apart. This toxicity is destroyed after cooking or drying. Don’t fertilize Saskatoon shrubs at planting time. To make your soil more acidic, add some peat moss, pine needles or coffee grounds. var. Clean the seeds immediately to prevent any fermentation. Saskatoons prefer to grow in a moist, yet free draining soil, therefore it is important to water plants well during prolonged dry periods, especially during the first couple of years when they are establishing. Sawfly Insect Control: How To Get Rid Of Sawflies, What Is A Serviceberry: Growing And Care Of Serviceberries, Almond Oil Information: Tips For Using Almond Oil, Gifting Used Gardening Books: How To Donate Garden Books, Regional To-Do List: West North Central Gardening In December, Plant Swap Ideas – How To Create Your Own Plant Swap, Using Cold Frames In Spring: How To Harden Off Seedlings In A Cold Frame, Pecan Texas Root Rot: How To Control Pecans With Cotton Root Rot, Golden Sphere Cherry Plum Trees – How To Grow Golden Sphere Cherry Plums, String Of Buttons Crassula: What Is A String Of Buttons Succulent, The Act Of Giving – Crafty Ways To Give Back, Grateful To Give Back: Sharing The Garden With Others In Need, We’re All In This Together - Passing On Gratitude In The Garden, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables. Saskatoons can grow to be large plants. There are two Saskatoon Serviceberry cultivars that can accommodate different size and shape preferences: the "Regent" is a compact version that grows only four to six feet tall and wide, and the "Standing Ovation" grows from twelve to fifteen feet high but only two to three feet wide. Serviceberry is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the rose family (Rosaceae). Saskatoon Serviceberry Plant Profile. This Serviceberry cultivar tends to flower early in the spring with ¾ inch, 5-petaled white flowers. Care of Serviceberries Nearly any type of well-drained soil is suitable for Saskatoon bushes, although the shrubs don’t do well in heavy clay. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. An individual bush may bear fruit 30 or more years. Saskatoon Bush Care Domesticated for fruit production, Amelanchier alnifolia (Serviceberry) is a deciduous, upright, suckering shrub with four seasons of interest. While you cut away a rooted sucker, remove debris from the base of the plant that could harbor rust and scab. – Saskatoon serviceberry Subordinate Taxa. Serviceberry (or juneberry or saskatoon berry) is in the same family as roses, apples, and plums. Sign up for our newsletter. They grow in many conditions, from sea level to mountain peaks, and are less pi… Today people use the fruit for making pastries, jellies and syrups. Check Saskatoon bushes for pests frequently, as Saskatoon shrubs are vulnerable to aphids, mites, leafrollers, sawflies and others. In mid spring, before the leaves appear, it produces masses of showy and slightly fragrant white flowers held in upright clusters. ex M. Roem. In mid spring, compact clusters of fragrant, white flowers emerge just before the leaves. Pruning also improves air circulation throughout the foliage. Prune Saskatoon shrubs to remove dead and damaged growth. The wood is extremely heavy and hard and is occasionally made into tool handles. Attractive to pollinators, they are followed by small, sweet, blue berries in early summer. HOW TO GROW SERVICEBERRY IN THE ORNAMENTAL GARDEN. These shrubs can also be used to form a hedge or thicket if desired; expect them to fill up with birds as the thick growth makes a great hiding place for them, especially when filled with berries. alnifolia Show All Show Tabs Saskatoon serviceberry It will tolerate alkaline soil and is also tolerant of clay soil. The berries can be frozen for future use. The Saskatoon Serviceberry tree is native to North America and is found throughout the North, Central and Midwestern United States, including Alaska, and western Canada. Similarly, fall color may vary from red to bright yellow. Although they will grow well in both part shade and full sun, planting in full sun is recommended if you want the best tasting and largest harvest of fruit. Though some gardeners find the berries to be messy, you may find your array of songbirds becomes more diverse with a serviceberry planted in your yard. In the wild, it can grow significantly larger than in the landscape. Nutt. Many pests can be controlled by regular use of insecticidal soap spray. A type of serviceberry, Saskatoon shrubs are especially valued for their cold-hardiness, as this tough plant can survive numbing temperatures of -60 F. (-51 C.). Serviceberry trees grow fast and can quickly fill a garden. However, if you're after the biggest, sweetest berries, plant them in deep, rich soil and keep them watered through the summer. Drainage It’s not as picky as blueberries as far as drainage is concerned, but a well-drained soil can really help it out a lot, like loam soil . These plants can be propagated from seed collected from the ripe fruits. Since it is somewhat prone to mildew, humidity can also be an issue. 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