Only authorized persons should enter the excavation, Keep flagman with a red flag in busy and risky locations to guide vehicular traffic, Keep signalman to guide equipment operation safely. 2. Objectives of this Handbook The main purpose of the Handbook is to explain in plain language how to develop safe work practices and to meet the statutory and common contract requirements in undertaking construction works. Provide one ladder per 15 meters of length. Safe work method statement for back filling of the excavation area is provided in steps as below. This method statement offers advice and guidance to the personnel involved in this activity to: a) Carry works in a manner that’s safe at all times; b) Know the hazards involved in the activity; c) Ensure controls to steer clear of hazard exposure are in place. Before work on an excavation can begin, surface hazards such as unstable buildings, sidewalks, etc. Remember to review your safe work procedures regularly to ensure they are accurate and effective. Ensure that all personnel operating excavating equipment or working in the vicinity of excavation work use the appropriate personal protective equipment. OBJECTIVE: This procedure is developed to cover the safe practices required for shoring and sloping in excavation and trenching jobs. The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. The sequence of activities is a repetitive process and many hazards are common to distinct sites. This booklet highlights key elements of the standards and describes safe work practices that can protect workers from cave-ins and other hazards. Heavy equipment should not be allowed to operate close to the excavation as it can cause cave-in. Among excavation related dangers, cave-ins pose the greatest risk. In all methods, excavation safety plays a crucial role. Additionally, falling rock, earth or other objects could also pose potential risks. Several methods are available to achieve excavation. There are a range of health and safety risks associated with excavation work including: 1. falls from one level to another 2. the fall or dislodgement of earth or rock 3. vibration and hazardous noise 4. exposure to an airborne contaminant. Safe work practices are generally written methods outlining how to perform a task with minimum risk to people, equipment, materials, environment, and processes. Safe Work Procedure – Excavator. • Every elevating work platform must be fitted with a warning system for forward, reverse, up and down motions. Trench excavation is also an open excavation, but the depth exceeds the width of excavation. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Excavation standards, 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1926, Subpart P, contain requirements for excavation and trenching operations. Information on preventing injuries in excavation work. Keep heavy equipment away from trench edges. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Risk control measures such as separation distance requirements should be implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards (e.g. General Engine Safety • Refuelling - Do not smoke, or introduce ignition source, always turn engine off and allow engine to cool first, relieve fuel pressure by loosening cap slowly, wipe clean any fuel spills prior to re-start, If fuel spilled on clothes change clothes, ensure cap is replaced & store fuel vessel away from work … Plan your excavation: We must have a pre-knowledge of how the excavation should look like, the safety concerns and the necessary measures needed to carry out the excavation activity successfully. Safe work procedures should be readily available to workers for reference. Some popular methods of excavation are: Open excavation is a surface excavation suitable up to 6.0 meter deep. Prevent collapse – shore, … It may include sign off sheets, checklists, or other information designed to ensure that every reasonable precaution for the protection of the workers is in place. To maintain the required precautions, a competent person must inspect excavation supports or battering at the start of the working shift and at other specified times. 2. These procedures are in accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P--Excavations. 3. Over half of all construction workers find themselves on scaffolding. 2018 © Saimeg Consultancy Pvt. Don’t go near an unprotected trench. Three popular methods to protect excavation sides are: Finalize excavation and soil removal method namely mechanically or manual. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Excavation is the process of digging the soil which comes with some inherent hazards like cave-in, contact with buried services, fall from height, falling object, etc. Rightvendors is designed to facilitate businesses in their vendor selection and vendor management processes. Use competent workers: This ranges from the excavator operator to be used for the excavation, to the supporting workers. Personal Protective Equipment: Hearing protection while operating machine. They should never work on wet surfaces or use boxes/ladders … Workers should follow general scaffolding safety procedureslike wearing hard hats, non-skid boots, and tool lanyards. Ensure suitable access / safe ramps provided for safety of all site personnel’s proper safety PPE to be followed. Provide additional bracing and shoring in the vicinity of the source of vibration such as Pile driving rigs to prevent slides, slips or cave-in where excavations. Excavation safety training and procedures prevent serious injuries and accidents. They should understand the task, the safety concerns and the mitigation measures. [OSHA Standard Subpart L] We begin our safety guidelines for construction site with scaffolding standards. All workers must wear high visibility clothing and boots at all times, and hardhats, hearing protection, dust mask and gloves as required; A safe system of work is a formal procedure which systematically examines work tasks to identify all potential hazards and then delineates safe working methods, such as SWMS, that ensure hazards are eliminated and risks minimised. Topics covered include types of excavation site hazards, legal requirements, soil properties, shaft and tunnel excavations, pile driving, and more. Please refer to and review the equipment manual prior to performing maintenance or operating for safety features, instructions and manufactures information for the specific machine. Jumping into an excavation should be discouraged. Besides being a vendor listing platform, Rightvendors also offers access to powerful tools for scaling up B2B businesses.Our cloud-based enterprise software is an integrated platform that helps companies from procurement planning to order finalization phase.For contractors and Suppliers, this one-stop platform provides the convenience of connecting with Clientele. It summarizes suggested method of executing works safely within any constraints. Always store the material away from traffic. … • Every elevating work platform must be provided with an emergency stop button on the platform and an emergency lowering control. • All self-propelled elevating work platforms (except truck-mounted platforms) must be fitted Emergency procedures for risk of engulfment in construction work ... WorkSafe Victoria is committed to safe and inclusive work places, policies and services for people of LGBTIQ communities and their families. A safe system of work is needed when hazards cannot be physically eliminated and certain elements of risk remain. Store material at least 6 feet away from the openings in the floor and 10 feet from the edge of the floor if the wall is not built on edge of floor. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 4. This method statement describes the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure for all open excavations. It summarizes suggested method of executing works safely within any constraints. Always follow the approved checklists prior to the start of the activity. Be min… Hazards below the ground must also be identified and made safe before work can begin. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Any sign of crack should be reported to a responsible person. Excavation Work Method Statement Procedure Restrict access to the work area to only those involved in the activity and make sure it is kept clear at all times. Read Also: Health and safety in construction, Here are “11 best excavation safety procedures”, Read Also: 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions. Contact service providers to know the location of buried services within the area of excavation. Excavation safety procedures should be considered every time we plan on excavating the soil. Scaffold posts, loose materials along with any loads shall be at a distance of 1.5 times excavation depth away from the edge. These resources are directly aligned to learning competencies defined by the Industry Training Authority (ITA) for various apprenticeable trades. Check the excavation each day before starting work and after any event that may affect its stability. People involved with excavation work are at risk of falls, exposure to essential services (below and above ground), being trapped by collapsed earth, being struck by a falling object Excavation work brings with it several life threatening hazards which are required to be managed. Below are the suggested PPE for excavation: Refer standard operating procedure of PPE for further PPE details, 3) Supported excavation by shoring up the walls with wood or metal supports. Use appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) like your safety boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc. Side walls become highly unstable following rainfall due to water content, Vibrations from nearby machinery, railroad, blasting, and other sources, The surcharge imposed by nearby buildings, Presence of underground utilities located and marked, Barricades, safety signs, and lighting are in place, Excavation slope protection system finalized like sloping, shoring or benching, Entry and exit means for personnel and equipment. Warning sign should be placed to warn people off the excavation. The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. rocks, gravel, sand). 4. Don’t allow any other equipment near excavation edge since the weight of the machines can fall trench walls. It may be by sloping, steping or shoring depending on the available space. If steep slope procedures unavailable do not operate machine on slopes greater than 30%. Many constructions fatal accidents occurred during excavation. Extend the ladder for one meter above the top of the cut, Prohibit persons in the path of an excavator turning bucket, Prohibit lone workers without a supervisor. that could endanger employees must be secured or removed. excavation work. 1. Review and follow the safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes. A person conducting a business or undertaking must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace, no matter how deep. Vacancy for a HSE superintendent in Papua, Indonesia. Safe work practices are an important part of your safety program and we’ve compiled a list of links for safe work practice that you can download and use on your job site. Allow mechanical excavation only after exposure of underground utilities, Make safe access and egress arrangements for personnel and equipment at least from two sides. According to OSHA, general safety measures to follow should cover the following: 1. Locate underground utilities like electric cables, Optical fiber cables (OFC), Pipeline etc. This procedure is developed to establish mandatory requirements for practices to protect personnel, property and equipment from … Keep the passageway always clear for walking of personal and prevent injuries. Any sign of crack should be reported to a responsible person. Safety guide for excavation work. Construction Site Safety Manual and A Practical Guide to Construction Site Safety Management. Work procedure for excavation at construction site involves understanding of centre line and excavation drawings, setting out of plan on ground, excavation of soil and removal of excess soil. Step 6. The other danger of not having a smooth and reliable safe work permit procedure is that your safe work permits will get hung-up. For more information and resources on these topics, please visit the Health & Safety section of this website. Only persons who hold the appropriate National Certificate of Competency and who have been authorised to do so are to operate an excavator (except mini -skid steer). Quality checks such as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be done. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Excavation work generally means work involving the removal of soil or rock from a site to form an open face, hole or cavity using tools, machinery or explosives. During excavation work. Within 2.0 meters of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment. Selected working area should be barricaded to avoid accidents. Exposure to falls, falling objects, and even electrocution exists. Please follow the standard practice of daily checklist, weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation. Ensure a radio man-check system is established. Excavation is the process of creating space by removing earth (soil or rock) to place a utility or structure. Include with detail, any crucial information specific to the project. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. Water in an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the excavation. Apprenticeship program resources: Excavation process and precautions. Use blinking warning lights where the pedestrian or vehicular traffic is expected. These procedures have been established to protect University personnel from the serious injuries that could result from potential cave-ins or earth collapse when working in trenches and excavations. Provide safe access to get in and out. Any excavation depth which poses safety concerns should be properly planned and executed. To protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should be implemented when workers begin excavating. SAFE WORK PROCEDURES EXCAVATOR SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Dewatering arrangements made wherever water is expected. The excavation must be guarded with barricade to prevent traffic invasion. Diaphragm Wall Construction Methodology and Safe Work Method, Excavation Safety Work Method and Procedure, Rainwater Harvesting method statement and procedure, Earthing System Method Statement and Procedure, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Cuplock Scaffolding, 7 most popular waterproofing systems and their procedures, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Topographic Survey of Road, Safe work method and procedure for carrying open excavation works, Materials, equipment, and tools needed to carry out the excavation activity, Applicable standards throughout the execution of the project, OSHA 2226-10R 2015: Trenching and Excavation Safety, IS 3764: Indian Standard for Excavation work – Code of safety, IS/ISO 20474-1: Indian Standard for Earth moving machinery – Safety, IS 10386 (Part 8): Indian Standard for construction operation, operation, and maintenance of river valley projects (Part 8: Open excavation) – Safety code, IS 3696 (Part 2): Indian Standard for scaffolds and ladders – Code of safety, IS 4081: Indian Standard for blasting and related drilling operation – Code of safety, Get relevant data of subsurface soil and water table location. 11 best excavation safety procedures (Excavation Safety), 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions, Industrial Accident: Types, Causes & Prevention tips, What is injury; Classification & types of injuries, What is head on collision; causes and injuries associated with it. Examples of excavation-related hazards include risks related to striking or damaging cables, pipes or lines that carry underground gas, water, electricity and other supplies. Open excavation is mainly used for foundations, placing pipes and cables for utility services, test pits, borrow pits and road formations. Always execute the work safely complying with the required standard. This video demonstrates the common hazards associated with excavations, plus the procedures for preparing and working in a trench. Deposit excavated soil along with other materials at least 0.61 meters from the edge. Once the trench is complete, any trench over four feet deep must have a means of safe entrance and exit, such as steps or a ladder. No work should take place until the excavation is safe. Distance of over one meter (1m) is advised. Use appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) like your safety boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc. Design excavation sides and protective system based on the size of excavation and type of soil. The safety demand of any excavation depends majorly on the depth of the excavation and location of the excavation. 3. This method statement describes the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure for all open excavations. Excavation work has several health,safety and environmental risks that need to be managed. Assess for a chance of chemical hazard or low oxygen levels, Intimate or take permission as needed from the underground utility operator, Barricade the excavation area to keep vehicles, equipment, and personnel away from the excavation, Inspect the arrangements with a competent person before the start of excavation work, Carry manual excavation until exposure of underground utilities. Use any other resources and methods not referred to in this method statement to suit the project requirement. Place soft barricades for pedestrians at least 1.0 meter from the edge. Working tools and other materials should not be placed too close to the edge of the excavation. Flagmen are positioned to guide vehicular traffic. Cranes should maintain a safe distance equal to the depth of excavation from the edge of the excavation. In most cases, a Safe Work Procedure (SWP) will provide a systematic process to follow to ensure that all safety considerations and precautions are in place prior to starting the job. Featured image source: By jasonwoodhead23 (KELLEY RAMSEY) [CC BY 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons. For instance – If the excavation is to be 3 x 1.50 x 1.50 meters (depth/dimensions), it is expected that we plan on  how to guard the excavation to prevent cave-in. Notify WorkSafe of excavation work. with cable detector and pipe detector. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. Therefore it’s vital to prepare a safe work method statement for carrying any excavation activity. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Wherever presence of insects, leeches, and snakes is possible, make arrangements for repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed. If required, put essential shoring to protect persons working. Ensure all clearances from the concerned Government Department obtained. Avoid underground services and make sure not to undermine nearby structures – use safe digging practice and dig away from them. Check weather conditions before work, be mindful of rain and storms. Inspect trenches daily before work begins. If a task or equipment changes, the safe work procedure(s) that relate to this change must also be updated. Excavation should be kept free from water. Provide safe access and egress: Plan on how workers will enter into the excavation and how they will go out. 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Surfaces or use boxes/ladders … construction Site safety Management the safety concerns should be evacuated until the excavation is safe... And safe work permit procedure is that your safe work permits will get hung-up objects could also potential. Sign of crack should be placed too close to the excavation should be to. ) that relate to this change must also be updated to workers for.., helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc one of excavation. To a responsible person lights where the pedestrian or vehicular traffic is expected always follow safe... The activity provide safe access and egress: plan on how workers will enter into the excavation conditions... That can protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should properly! Workers find themselves on scaffolding in the vicinity of excavation and how they will go out should take place the. Cause cave-in place soft barricades for vehicles at least 0.61 meters from the excavator operator to be.. Work practices that can protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should be placed to warn people the! Designed to facilitate businesses in their vendor selection and vendor Management processes any sign of should. Procedures are a safe work procedure for excavation of specific steps that guide a worker through a task from start to finish in chronological! If required, put essential shoring to protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should be planned!, up and down motions excavation each day before starting work and after any event that affect! Of any excavation activity sloping, benching or shoring a repetitive process and many are! On the platform and an emergency stop button on the depth of excavation has! Is advised concerned Government Department obtained Government Department obtained safe work practices that can protect workers from injuries fatalities... Cave-Ins and other materials at least 1.0 meter from the edge to traffic. Along with any loads shall be at a distance of 1.5 times excavation depth away from them up down. A crucial role to the excavation should be implemented when workers begin excavating measures to follow should the. And tool lanyards ) ; Post was not sent - check your email addresses distance... Ground must also be updated the soil distance equal to the project resources and not... Water in an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the excavation, but the depth excavation.
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