Groupers are one of the most important carnivorous fishes of coral reefs, feeding mainly on the crustaceans and fishes. 48(1), 128-130. Year Published: 2008 Downloaded on 02 October 2012. Indian Ocean: continental shelf of the northern Indian Ocean from the Gulf of Aden to Sri Lanka and Madras, India. 22(1):43-47. Age, growth, mortality and stock assessment of Epinephelus diacanthus (Valenciennes) from Bombay waters. Rome, FAO. Philippart, J.-C. and J.-C. Ruwet 1982 Ecology and distribution of tilapias. Proc. Epinephelus coioides occurs in the western Indian Ocean from the southern Red Sea to Natal and east to the western Pacific where it is distributed from Ryukyu Islands to New South Wales. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority) FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). 26(2), 17-21. age stratification). Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 300 m (Ref. Records from the western Pacific are based on misidentifications of Epinephelus stictus or Epinephelus fasciatomaculos. sc. Pyloric caeca 7 or 8. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Records of E. diacanthus from South Africa are misidentifications of E. rivulatus (Heemstra and Randall 1993). Can also include hypotheses of paedomorphy or neoteny, etc. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. The natural mortality of E. diacanthus was calculated to be 1.10 in India (Chakraborty and Vidyasagar 1996). A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Mycteroperca spp. However, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00706 - 0.01957), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. Cochin, India: DEPARTMENT OF OCEAN DEVELOPMENT, NEW DELHI (INDIA). 539-543. Maxilla reaches to or almost to vertical at rear edge of eye, the lower edge smoothly curved, midlateral part of lower jaw with 2 rows of short, subequal teeth, a pair of canines on each side of symphysis in each jaw. 125, 382. Indian Journal of Fisheries. Version 2011.2. Zacharia et al. CMFRI Bulletine. UniParc. Other language common names are cherna (Spanish), cherna criolla (Spanish), granik siodlasky (Polish), jacob peper (Dutch), jocupepu (Papiamento), mero (Spanish), mero gallina (Spanish), merou raye (French), nagul (French), negue, tienne (French), vieille (French), yakupepu (Papiamento). General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Describes growth rates, allometries, parameters known to be predictive, morphometrics. In R.S.V. Amphibia . Exported on 12 January 2012. | 19, 11-17. Sivakami and Seetha (2006) recorded discard of 77 tones of juvenile (size range 88-140 mm) caught as bycatch in shrimp trawls at Neendakara, Quilon, south west coast of India. Vol. Records of E. diacanthus from the western Pacific are based on misidentifications of E. stictus (Heemstra and Randall 1993). (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), Coastal marine fish biodiversity along the western coast of India, https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/232205. May also be referred to include anatomy. Spinycheek grouper (Epinephelus diacanthus) is widely distributed in northern Indian Ocean from Sri Lanka and Chennai in South-west coast of India to Gulf of Aden in the north. Marine; demersal. Epinephelus diacanthus is an important species, which constitutes nearly 90 % of the groupers, landed along this region. The trawl fishery of E. diacanthus consisted exclusively of juveniles (max catch size was 23.5 cm TL) from 30 to 60 m depth, which comprised of the 0-year age class (Zacharia et al. For example, basic mode of nutrient uptake (autotrophy, heterotrophy, coprophagy, saprophagy), position in food network (top predator, primary producer, consumer), diet categorization (detritovore, omnivore, carnivore, herbivore). It is felt that alternate measures such as establishing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are to be demarcated after making necessary surveys to locate the nursery grounds of these fishes along the west coast of India. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Hafeezullah, M., & Siddiqi A. H. (1970). May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Naga ICLARM Q. Destination: The trawling fishery went deeper from 60 to 80 m in 1994 to 72 to 108 m in 1996, inducing a more serious threat to the population in Indian waters (Zacharia et al. English language common names for this species include red grouper, brown grouper, hamlet, and deer grouper. Chlorurus spp. Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) Chen, C. P., Hsieh H. L., & chang K. H. (1980). (1982) observed mature and spent adults in the month of September at north west coast of India. Some aspects of the sex change and reproductive biology of the grouper, Epinephelus diacanthus (Cuvier et Valenciensis). Middle opercular spine nearer to lower than to upper spine. . Thomas, J., Venu S., & Kurup B. M. (2003). Preservation:-18℃ or cooler. World Wide Web electronic publication. Marketed fresh, frozen. Anal fin with 8 soft rays. Can include ecosystem services. Ontogenic diet shifts with size were reported in E. diacanthus (Tessy, 1994). 1995a). 22, 1-22. Epinephelus stictus. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Bapat et al. A medium size serranid fish with body depth contained 2.8 to 3.5 times in standard length (for fish 10 to 34 cm standard length). Any information on longevity, including the average period an organism can be expected to survive. Epinephelus diacanthus is an Indian Ocean species found on the continental shelf of the northern Indian Ocean from the Gulf of Aden (possibly) to Sri Lanka and Madras (India). Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length Length-frequencies Morphometrics Morphology Epinephelus diacanthus (Valenciennes, 1828) kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Actinopterygii - ray-finned fishes » order Perciformes - perch-likes » family Serranidae - sea basses and groupers » genus Epinephelus Describes average size, max, range; type of size (perimeter, length, volume, weight ...). Blacksaddled coral grouper (Plectropomus laevis) Blackspotted croaker (Protonibea diacanthus) California grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) Camouflage grouper (Epinephelus polyphekadion) Gag grouper (Mycteroperca microlepis) Goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) - From Talwar & Kacker (1984) and Heemstra & Randall (1993). FAO species catalogue. Heemstra, P. C., & Randall J. E. (1993). Not known from the Persian Gulf nor the Red Sea. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. E. diacanthus is a protogynus hermaphrodite fish. Highly carnivorus. Exploitation of juveniles of the spinycheek grouper, Epinephelus diacanthus by the multi day trawlers along Dakshina Kannada coast. 2011.FishBase.World Wide Web electronic publication.www.fishbase.org, version (10/2011)., Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, IUCN 2011. Randall 1993 FAO species catalogue. Fecundity of E. diacanthus ranged from 64,000 to 233,000 ova. 16. Pygoplites diacanthus : Regal angelfish (Fiji) Pomacentridae: Damelfishes and anemonefishes (clownfishes) ... Epinephelus clippertonensis: Clipperton grouper (Roca Partida, Revillagigedos Islands, Mexico) ... Common name : Zanclus cornutus: Moorish Idol (Fiji and Raja Ampat) Urochordates. Marine Fisheries Information Services, Technical and Extension Series. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. James et al. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Indian Journal of Helminthology. Package: Bulk 1kg bag 500bag or IVP IWP. Assessor/s: Sadovy, Y., Pollard, D., Russell, B. S pecification: Skinless PBI/PBO, IQF,chem free/in, 100% n.w. They are predatory fish, largely associated with reefs and are found in tropical and subtropical seas throughout the world. Vol. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Chakraborty (1994) suggested go fishing beyond 70 m in Bombay waters will increase the yield of E. diacanthus without posing a threat to the depletion of this species On the contrary, Zacharia et al. The multi-day trawl fishery along Dakshina Kannada Coast (Karnataka, India) of E. diacanthus consisted exclusively of small juveniles (max catch size was 23.5 cm TL) from 30 to 60 m depth, which comprised of the 0-year age group (Zacharia et al. In: IUCN 2012. Fig.409 . It ranges east into Oceania only to Palau in the Northern Hemisphere and Fiji in the Southern. names in breadcrumbs. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada, Cochin (India), 15-17 Feb 1994. Commonly sold in markets, especially as juveniles. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. They are important target species for fisheries. Epinephelus diacanthus is an Indian Ocean species found on the continental shelf of the northern Indian Ocean from the Gulf of Aden (possibly) to Sri Lanka and Madras (India). E. diacanthus is an important species, which constitutes nearly 90 % of the groupers, landed along Indian coast . Depth of body 2.8 to 3.4 times in standard length. Origin: India. Bilqees, F. M. (1981). “Epinephelus diacanthus”) may be based on the single specimen reported from Kochi City by Kamohara (1954). A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. 103 p. Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat, Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description, Demography and Conservation > Conservation Status. Pelvic fins end well short of anus, their length contained 2.0 to 2.6 times in head length. ICLARM Conf. The giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus), also known as the Queensland grouper, brindle grouper or mottled-brown sea bass, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a grouper from the subfamily Epinephelinae which is part of the family Serranidae, which also includes the anthias and sea basses. Information on the genetics of the taxon, including karyotypes, barcoding status, whole genome sequencing status, ploidy. 25(4), 312-315. Studies on Taiwanese populations of E. diacanthus by Chen et al., 1980 reported that change in sex occurs at the two-three years age group and males becomes dominant after 4 years of age. Manojkumar (2005) reported length weight relationship of the E. diacanthus is Log W = - 4.03 + 2.8203 Log L. The fish attained a length of 244, 372, 439, 474 and 492 mm at the completion of 1 to 5 years respectively. Gill rakers 8 to 10 on upper limb, 15 to 17 on lower limb, numerous bony plates on sides of gill arches. Zacharia, P. U., Gupta A. C., & Mahadevaswamy H. S. (1995). & Heemstra, P.C. A Digenean parasite, Prosorhynchus epinepheli Yamaguti, 1939 was repoprted from E. diacanthus from India (Hafeezullah and Siddiqi, 1970). Premalatha (1989) estimated length-weight relationship for th females of E. diacanthus as log W = - 1.3056 + 2 .6117 log L based on specimens ranging from 20 to 55 cm. Population size is treated under Population Biology, and trends in population sizes are treated under Trends. Epinephelus diacanthus : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Heemstra, Phillip C., and John E. Randall : Publication Date: 1993 : Article/Chapter Title: Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae): An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Grouper, Rockcod, Hind, Coral Grouper and Lyretail Species Known to Date Describes techniques and goals used in management of species - breeding and cultivation, control etc. 16. Part I. Bucephalidae and Cryptogonimidae. Tertiary consumer. Chakraborty, S. K. (1994). The stock structure is not known and the map below regards the distribution in Indian waters. Chakraborty, S. K., & Vidyasagar K. D. (1996). ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Groupers of the world (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epi- Authors nephelinae). Habitat demersal; marine; depth range 10 - 300 m , usually 10 - 120 m. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Growth, mortality and stock assessment of two perches -- moontail bull's eye Priacanthus hamrur (Perciformes/Pricanthidae) and thornycheek grouper Epinephelus diacanthus (Perciformes/Serranidae) from Bombay waters. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. name Number sampled Total NC % NC / total sampled in group Claimed species included Substituted with Grouper 29 9 31% Epinephelus aeneus Epinephelus aerolatus Epinephelus bleekeri Epinephelus costae Epinephelus diacanthus Epinephelus marginatus (guaza) Epinephelus spp. 1995). landings at Calicut. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Negative impacts on humans, communities. 9. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. and J.E. English language common names include Nassau grouper, day grouper, grouper, hamlet, rockfish, sweet lip, and white grouper. : Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of India. This fish is also vulnerable to net fisheries because of aggregating behavior and insufficient management. Groupers contributed to 4 % of the trawl landings with an annual average catch of 2,727 tonnes during 1992 to 2002. Reviewer/s: Sadovy, Y. Climate: Tropical; 29°N - 5°N, 56°E - 83°E. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations : Journal/Book Name, Vol. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date.. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. May include management relative to a piece of legislation, e.g., a CITES list. India: Exploitation of juveniles and the associated overfishing will lead to depletion of the stock of E. diacanthus from Dakshina Kannada coast in India (Zacharia et al. Randall and Allen, 1987. Rome: FAO, Rome . McIlwain et al. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with auxiliary scales in adults, lateral-line scales 52 to 60, lateral-scale series 103 to 121. Given a list of species names, get their IUCN status. Not known from the Persian Gulf nor the Red Sea. Because of its unique life history pattern, conventional management methods are unsuitable to protect these species. Media in category "Epinephelus" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Editors. & Heemstra, P.C. The major threat to this species is from expansion of trawl fisheries into deeper water and apparent overexploitation of juveniles and adults in shallower water. The information available on E. diacanthus is limited to the works of Chakraborty (1994), Chakraborty and Vidyasagar (1996) and Zacharia et … Includes Invasiveness. 125(16):382 p. Sushant Vilas Sanaye, Aquaculture Laboratory, Biological Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa. 35, Issue. 56(2), 87-94. Our company is known as one of the prominent Leather Jacket Fish Exporter based in India. Disease-causing organisms can also be listed under associations. The threats to which this taxon is subject. A structured diagnostic description using dichotomic or multientrance keys. Specific taxa are treated under Associations (specifying predators or prey) and associatedTaxa. Excellent food fish. Digenetic Trematodes Fishes of Karachi Coast. According to Manojkumar (2005) they contributed to 4 % of the trawl landings with an annual average catch of 2,727 t during 1992 to 2002. Caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.7 to 4.7 times in head length. [This may also include impacts on ecosystems should the organism decline or be extirpated], Not Evaluated , IUCN Grouper and Wrasse Specialist Group IUCN 2006. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. User"s manual. Describes the likelihood of the species becoming extinct in the present day or in the near future. n = 39 See Market names. This functionality we used in order to figure out whether, on average, the species written on the label (or menu) of seafood products was a higher conservation status (i.e., “more sustainable”) or a lower (more endangered) conservation status. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Epinephelus diacanthus - Spinycheek Grouper -- Discover Life Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. The biology and culture of tilapias. Their exploitation has registered a sharp increase with highest catch of over 5,000t in 1996 and 2002. Epinephelus diacanthus Picture by Randall, J.E. Epinephelus malabaricus Picture by De Vroe, J. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. Version 2012.1. (2010) reported that small (10 to 18 cm) and medium (18 to 26 cm) sized E. diacanthus mainly fed on crabs and squilla, while large (22 to 30 cm) fish fed on teleost fishes, penaeid shrimps and crabs. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. - (From Talwar and Kacker, 1984). Sequence archive. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica. Caught fin subtruncate, truncate or emarginate. Lifedesk URL: http://indiareeffishes.lifedesks.org/. Epinephelus diacanthus. (1996) reported that in the Gulf of Mannar, Tamilnadu where the ocean bottom is rocky and rich in coral reefs, and hooks and line and gill nets are used over a depth of 35 to 60 m, 14% of the grouper species caught in this region comprises of E. diacanthus. Includes abundance information (population size, density) and demographics (e.g. Al Sakaff, H. and M. Esseen 1999 Occurrence and distribution of fish species off Yemen (Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea). Epinephelus Diacanthus. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. FishBase. | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers) Etymology: Protonibea: Greek, protos = the first + see under Nibea . Thalassas: An International Journal of Marine Sciences, Vol. Summary of general nature of feeding interactions. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. 2008. Also used as trash fish in fish meal plants, ingedients for poultry feed, and manures. 7. na me: epinephelus diacanthus pa ck: 20 lbs master cartons netu no brand 6)1225 cartons froze n unicorn fillets skinless & b oneless sc. Anal fin with 3spines and 8 rays. www.iucnredlist.org. Preopercle with 1 to 5 prominent spines at the angle. Records of E. diacanthus from the western Pacific are based on misidentifications of E. stictus (Heemstra and Randall 1993). This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. vernacular scientific Living Things » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Bony Fishes » … » Sea Basses » …Sea Basses » … NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly. In general, populations of theis species of fish are on the decline over much of its range. E. diacanthus feeding biology were studied based on the samples collected from January, 2016 to December, 2017 along the Veraval coast of Gujarat. Tessy (1994) and Premalatha (1989) have noticed the availability of juveniles of E. diacanthus off southwest coast of India during September-October. Common names in other languages are cherna (Spanish), cherna americana (Spanish), cherna de arribada (Spanish), cherna de arribazon (Spanish), cherna de corrida (Spanish), cherna de veril (Spanish), cherna de vivero (Spanish), cherna grande (Spanish), cherna roja (Spanish), cherna yucateca (Spanish), garoupa (Portuguese), garoupa de Sao Tomé (Portuguese), garoupa vermelha-de-abrolhos (P… Taxonomic relationship among grouper species was stuied by RAPD fingerprinting from southeast and southwest coast of India. The Leather Jacket Fish, which we offer, is high in demand in the global markets due … http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=551054, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/132777/0, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=306579. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. Pectoral fins with 17 to 20 rays, pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.1 times in head length. Premalatha (1989) determined spawning season of this species as May-June. Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) Conservation Action: According to Sivakami and Seetha (2006) capture of undersized E. diacanthus, including juveniles, using smaller mesh sizes at the cod end of trawlers is detrimental to the sustainability of the fishery. Depth range: 10 - 300 m, usually 10 - 120 m. 2013. Epinephelus is a genus of marine ray-finned fish, groupers from the subfamily Epinephelinae, part of the family Serranidae, which also includes the anthias and sea basses. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Facts Summary: The Spinycheek Grouper (Epinephelus diacanthus) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): Djibouti, India, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.This species is also known by the following name(s): Epinephelus dayi, Serranus diacanthus, Serranus sexfasciatus. FAO Fish. 1, p. 263. Heemstra, P.C. This study concluded that Epinephelus diacanthus was most distantly related to E. malabaricus and E. bleekeri. 439 p. 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. Abdurahiman et al. size:2-4oz 4-6oz 6-8oz 8-10oz 10-12oz. (2003) suggested area closures protecting critical habitat and installing satellite tracking devices in individual trawlers would be successful in managing this species. Help. Head large, its length contained 2.2 to 2.4 times in standard length, interorbital region flat or slightly convex, the dorsal profile convex. p. 15-60. Studies on the reproductive biology of the female spiny cheek grouper, Epinephelus diacanthus (Valenciennes, 1828). Description of diseases that the organism is subject to. Sivakami, S., & Seetha P. K. (2006). Length-weight relationship of some deep-sea fi sh inhabiting the continental slope beyond 250m depth along the West Coast of India. No. Dorsal fin with 14 to 17 soft rays. Taxonomy. Brotula spp. Indian journal of marine sciences. The record from Taiwan (Katayama, 1960:168 “Formosa”) is dubious, as neither Shen (1984) nor Lee (1990) report this species in their surveys of Taiwanese serranids. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India . American fishes (Page (47), Figure- Black grouper) BHL6309898.jpg 2,170 × 3,297; 472 KB However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed). Nostrils subequal, anterior nostrils tubular, the margin usually with a large, bilobed flap of skin. x; UniProtKB. Common names of Epinephelus diacanthus. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) Sadovy, Y., Pollard, D., Russell, B. (2003) suggested area closures that protecting critical habitat together with installing satellite tracking devices in individual trawlers would be successful in managing this species. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 15 to 17 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.8 to 3.6 times in head length and longer than longest ray, the interspinous membranes incised. 1995a). Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1 Editors. Indian Ocean: continental shelf of the northern Indian Ocean from the Gulf of Aden to Sri Lanka and Madras, India. Muraleedharan, V., Antony K. P., Perigreen P. A., & Gopakumar K. (1996). Synop. Total processing time for the page : 0.3634 seconds. This species is also caught by trawls, hand lines, bottom set gill nets and in Dol nets in the Mumbai region. Orange-spotted groupers inhabit turbid coastal reefs and are often found in brackishwater over mud and rubble. Indescriminate destruction of juveniles of spiny cheek grouper Epinephelus diacanthus (Valenciennes) off Quilon, Kerala. Randall, J.E. ; http://www.fishbase.org/Country/CountrySpeciesSummary.php?c_code=356&id=7340, version (12/2013). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Click on the Species Accounts, given in alphabetical order by English common name. Utilization of unconventional fish resources for surimi preparation. No. Proctotrematoides diacanthi and Helicometrina nimia Linton, 1910 were reported from E. diacanthus from Pakistan marine waters by Zaidi and Khan (1977) and Bilqees (1981). Downloaded July 2006. (1995a) indicated that very small E. diacanthus were discarded as trash fish and used for poultry feed. Groupers of the World 307 NOMINAL SPECIES PRESENT ALLOCATION Serranus australis Castelnau, 1875 Serranus awo-ara Temminck and Schlegel, 1842 Serranus bataviensis Bleeker, 1849 Epinephelus bilobatus Randall and Allen, 1987 Serranus Bleekeri Vaillant, 1877 Serranus boelang Valenciennes, 1828 Bodianus boenak Bloch, 1790 Serranus bonaci Poey, 1860 Cephalopholis boninius Jordan and … 1995b). Body pale greyish brown, usually with 5 dark vertical bars broader than interspaces, 4 below dorsal fin and fifth (faintest) on peduncle, ventral part of head and body often pink or reddish; dark maxillary streak continues faintly to lower edge of preopercle, fins dusky grey without or sometimes spotted with darker color. Upper edge of operculum straight or slightly convex, operculum with 3 flat spines the middle spine nearer to lower than upper one. Fish are female till they change sex into males. name: epinephelus diacanthu s pack: 20 lbs master cartons netuno brand 5)350 cartons f rozen grouper finger buffet skinless & boneless. L is 512 mm and K=0.65 y-' . | McIlwain et al. This paper presents distribution records of 184 fish species surveyed in rocky reef habitats on the... Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Their exploitation has registered a sharp increase with highest catch of over 5,000t in 1996 and 2002. E. diacanthus is an important component of demersal fishery off Kerala coast in 63-100 m depth (Manojkumar 2005). An indication of whether a population is stable, or increasing or decreasing. ... Common names Synonyms Metabolism Predators Ecotoxicology Reproduction Maturity Spawning Spawning aggregation Fecundity Eggs Egg development. Records from the western Pacific are based on misidentifications of. Rao, A. C., & Krishnan L. (2009). Epinephelus diacanthus (non Valenciennes, 1828) Epinephelus fario (non Thunberg, 1793) An Epinephelus akaara in uska species han Actinopterygii nga syahan ginhulagway ni Temminck ngan Hermann Schlegel hadton 1842. Protein knowledgebase. Fig. Head Deformity in Epinephelus diacanthus (Teleostei: Epinephelidae) and Oreochromis mossambicus (Teleostei: Cichlidae) Collected from Saudi Arabia and Oman, with a New Record of E. diacanthus to the Arabian Gulf Waters. 139, 9-12. Caudal fin usually rounded or convex. Occurs over muddy sand or mud substrata and caught in depths of 63 to 100 m off the Kerala coast. (1995b) pointed out that the trawling fishery went deeper from 60 to 80 m in 1994 to 72 to 108 m in 1996 will inducing a more serious threat to the population in the Indian waters.