or forest, Up to 9 In reality, some female animals have horns for similar reasons to their male counterparts. The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of South Africa. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad chest and … On weight, males tips the scales at a minimum of 257 kgs and 315 kgs. From the Great Kudu to Caribou, animals with antlers and horns rely on them to assist with crucial tasks, such as defending themselves. Greater kudu have some unusual behaviors. Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. Males have large spiralled horns, weigh up to 300kg and stand 1,5m at the shoulder; females don't have horns; both have white stripes down their grey flanks; mainly browsers favouring bushwillow and acacia species; approximately 5 000 in Kruger After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Scientific name: Taurotragus derbianus. Males are larger than females, and have long spiral horns. With a height range of between 1.3 and 1.5 meters, the greater kudu males stand as the tallest antelope after the eland. The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of, There are two species of kudu from the family bovidae; the lesser kudu (. Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. This Item Ships To Your Location Both the greater kudu and its close cousin, the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes. Unlike the greater kudu, the lesser kudu does not depend so much on the water for their survival and get can get most of their water requirements from the parts of succulent wild fruits, only taking water if available. With its majestic horns and long beard, a male greater kudu is easily differentiated from a female. While antlers are mainly used for mate selection during the breeding season (either to attract females directly or to deter rival males through display or combat), horns are generally used for social dominance, territoriality and anti-predator interactions. They are widely distributed in Southern Africa, especially in the bushveld lowlands. Sexually dimorphic, only the males have horns and an abundant fringe of hairs from the chin down the neck. months (greater kudu), leopards, Both male and female eland, like these Patterson eland, have horns. Eland are light brown but may turn gray with age. Please log in again. The males also have large manes running along their throats, and large horns with two and a half twists, which, were they to be straightened, would reach a length of 1 metre on average. Greater and lesser kudu males have long, spiral horns; occasionally a female will have small ones. The horns of the kudu twist once every two years, usually twisting just twice before they stop growing. While their natural habitat has faced threat from human activities the world conservation body the IUCN highlights the greater kudu as “least concern” with their population considered stable. Etymology of the name. Kudus are preyed upon by lions, hyenas, wild dogs and leopards. very difficult to spot. A kudu male weighs about 500 to 800 pounds, while the female kudu wieghs around 400 to 500 pounds. Both species have long horns, which point upward and slightly back, and curl in a corkscrew shape. Male Greater Kudus also have large horns with 2.5 twists, which range between 1.2 meters and begin to grow only once the male is between 6 to 12 months old. Males have long, spiral horns. The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). By contrast, lesser kudus are even smaller — about 90 centimeters at the shoulder. They live in herds of approximately 25 antelopes but it is also possible to find herds of two to three females with their calves. Because those who care share! Females have no horns at all. Kudu horn releases a mellow and warm sound that has the ability to add a unique African accent to the music. camouflaging them. There are 9 species in Spiral Horned Antelope. Their cryptic coloring and markings protect kudus by Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. 1. 2. Have you ever met this unique creature face-to-face? After this period the calf will follow the mother, and from six months is old enough to fend for itself. A bull checks the reproductive condition of females by sniffing of her urine. Kudu(Tragelaphus strepsiceros)Characteristics. It has been described as one of the most handsome of the antelope family, due to the male’s unique large, corkscrew horns. Kudu (/ k uː d uː / koo-DOO), or koodoo, is the Khoikhoi name for this antelope.Trag-(Greek) denotes a goat and elaphos (Greek) a deer.Strepho (Greek) means "twist", and strephis is "twisting".Keras (Greek) refers to the horn of the animal.. (greater kudu), 7 to 8 A large adult male Greater Kudu stands over 5 ft. tall, and a large male Lesser Kudu stand about 4 ft. tall. But even though these horns could do some damage, the greater kudu is generally not an aggressive animal. The greater kudu’s horns can reach an impressive 1,4 meters. The greater kudu’s horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 1.8 meters (about 6 feet), making 2-1/2 graceful twists. The kudu is part of the antelope family. Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. Kudu have very large ears, hence their acute hearing. Tell us about your kudu experience in the comment section below. Kudu are highly alert and notoriously hard to approach. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. The difference between a male and female kudu is that the female does not have horns and is smaller and lighter than the male with very prominent ears. While female kudus has short horns, males have horns of up to 1.8 meters, the longest of any antelope, which take an average of six years to reach their full length. Other regions include East African regions of Kenya such as in the Tsavo National Park, Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park, and the horn Africa region of Ethiopia and Somalia. Female kudu are noticeably smaller than the males and do not have horns. The bulls horns do not begin to grow until the bull is between the age of 6–12 months, twisting once at around 2 years of age, and not reaching the full two and a half twists until they are 6 years old; occasionally they may even have … Males from both species have horns. The kudu is one of the most spectacular must-see animals for African wildlife lovers. Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. They will have natural imperfections from the animal living in the wild, fighting and aging. At his point, they leave their mother and form small bachelor groups of up to ten males. Unlike the lesser kudu the greater kudu has three subspecies; T.s.strepsiceros, T.s.chora, and T.s.cottoni, which we explore in more detail below. However, the lesser kudu’s horns are smaller and reach only 0,7 meters in length. (greater kudu), 565 pounds The kudu is one of the larger antelopes and is easily recognized by the large spiraled horns that grow longer with age. Giant … Outside of Africa’s national parks, kudus have receded to mountainous woodlands due to human activities in their preferred lowlands. Their life span is from 7 to 8 years in the wild. I hope if anybody wants facts on Kudus, they come straight to SAFARIS AFRICANA to get their awesome Kudu facts!! The kudu is found commonly within game reserves and usually are found in groups of about 10 Kudu with a dominant male and the rest female. Adult bulls are sought after for their massive horns (mainly foreign trophy hunters). Female Greater Kudu: Habits The call of the Kudu, the loudest of any antelope, is a penetrating hoarse bark. Learn more about these large antelopes below. Kudus don’t roam over long distances but rather live in home ranges of up to 6 km sq. The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 72 inches, making 2 … I loved this website!! Did you enjoy learning more about the kudu? Unlike the lesser kudu the greater kudu has three subspecies; Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. ). Kudu usually mate between May and August. Other regions include East African regions of Kenya such as in the Tsavo National Park, They live in herds of approximately 25 antelopes but it is also possible to find herds of two to three females with their calves. Kudu have many different behaviors and adaptations that help them survive. Greater kudus are well adapted to surviving during the dry season by feeding on wild watermelons for water. The lesser kudu is highlighted as “near threatened” with their populations in decline. Both sexes have 6-10 vertical white stripes on their sides, a white chevron between the eyes and three white spots on the cheek below the eye. With a height range of between 1.3 and 1.5 meters, the greater kudu males stand as the tallest antelope after. Although their stomach structure is made for browsing, during the wet season they occasionally supplement this diet by grazing the lush grasses. Bulls also attain much larger sizes than cows, and have a tasseled dewlap. Males are significantly bigger and females appear leaner. The kudu is one of the 3 most hunted species in South Africa by local hunters primarily for their meat and to make biltong (dried meat or jerky). There are many species of antelope, such as wildebeest, topi and eland in which both sexes have horns, but there are some in which only the males do - … Size: up to 1400 lbs and 8.3 ft in length. Occasionally, males will lock horns—particularly if they are the same size and stature. to roam more widely. There are two species of kudu from the family bovidae; the lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) and the greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). If alarmed they usually stand still and are Skin coloration ranges from reddish-brown to blue-gray, interspersed with white markings. Physical characteristics. Also, they have no beard or nose markings. Lesser kudus are lighter in weight and have a shorter stature, at 92-108kgs and 100cms respectively. Like most species, male Greater Kudu is a lot larger than the female Kudu and sports along hair fringe along their throat. By the age of 1,5 years, most male calves start showing signs of gender. Female greater kudus are noticeably smaller than the males. Kudus normally restrict their movements to a small home 7 are in East Africa -Bushbuck -Bongo -Sitatunga -Gedemsa -Greater Kudu -Lesser Kudu -Nyala In this genus only males have horns. Females do not. All our kudu horns are real - not replicas. (See more on Africa’s endangered animals.). In addition to horns differentiating them from females, males also have long beards. Male Greater Kudus tend to be much larger than the females, and vocalise much more, utilising low grunts, clucks, humming, and gasping. The two species of the Kudus look quite similar, though Greaters are larger than the lesser kudu. While their natural habitat has faced threat from human activities the world conservation body the IUCN highlights the greater kudu as “least concern” with their population considered stable. Tandala Giant Eland. The lesser kudu can have up to 14 stripes on its flank. When they detect danger – often using their … The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 1.8 meters (about 6 feet), making 2-1/2 graceful twists. Newborn kudus are hidden to avoid predation for their first five weeks, during which the mother frequently returns to nurse the calf. Unlike greater kudu, they have shorter horns more white stripes (11-15) on its rib side and black and white leg colorations. The Importance of Antlers and Horns. Kudus are primarily browsers, preferring leaves and shoots from trees and shrubs, and flowers and fallen fruits. hunting dogs, spotted hyenas, humans. However, it is not rare to find them in close proximity to human settlement areas, due to their stealth and nocturnal adaptations. Antlers and horns also have different functions. When alarmed, kudu run away, lifting their tails over their rumps and fanning out the … Facial markings consist of blac… The login page will open in a new tab. While female kudus have short horns, male kudus have horns of up to 1.8 meters, the longest of any antelope, which take an average of six years to reach their full length. https://www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation/kudu, http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_kudu.html. Sexual segregation is prevalent with males and females only meeting during the mating season, which usually coincides with rainy season. Some form of courting behavior precedes mating, after which the pregnant female undergoes a seclusion period before they give birth. Kudu’s primarily eat leaves, grass, and roots. The cows and calves are redder in color, which gives them better camouflage in their woodland habitat. captivity, Dense bush He stands behind her with his neck on the female rump. range, but the scarcity of food in dry season may prompt them Kudu males have long, twisted horns. While the females will spot a bright rufous coat the males have a darker slate gray skin. Sexual Dimorphism – Males and females look quite different from one another. Lesser kudu do not have a throat mane. years in the wild and up to 23 years in The lesser kudu is highlighted as “near threatened” with their populations in decline. Occasionally, this may lead to their twisted horns locking, and if they are unable to disentangle the result in death for both animals. Greater and lesser kudu males have long, spiral horns; occasionally a female will have small ones. The kudu horns can rage in size and we have stock of horns that range in size for 30'-36'. 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