consanguinea): Blooms from August to November. by Debbie Teashon Even though this butterfly has a larval stage instead of a kitten stage, the California Tortoiseshell Butterfly is still a beautiful representative of the Lepidoptera. Also known as elephant foot yam, tortoise plant is a weird but wonderful plant named for its large tuberous stem that resembles a tortoise or an elephant’s foot, depending how you look at it. It highlights a common Oregon pollinator. The caterpillars feed on leaves from a variety of trees, including willow and elm, which partially explains it wide spread distribution. While these charming butterflies may not be extremely common in the Portland area due to its low elevation, if you take a trip up to Mount Hood this coming summer, it is more than likely you will run into one of these beauties. The Larva of the California Tortoise Shell Butterfly feeds on Ceanothus plants. Unlike some of the other pollinators that we have discussed over the months, the California Tortoiseshell Butterfly is somewhat picky when it comes to choice of host plant for the immature and habitat mature butterflies. The "Tortie" overwinters as an adult and can sometimes be seen sunning itself in midwinter on mild days. When the California Tortoiseshells experience a population explosion in the summer(1), some populations have been known to travel as far east as Vermont, New York and Pennsylvania(2). Simply find which butterflies are in your area, grow the plants the caterpillars like to eat, and plants that adult butterflies feed on! In fact, many caterpillars are adapted to eat only one or two types of plants. Butterflies & moths hosted (14 confirmed, 79 likely *) SHOW ALL Host plant of the California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica), which only migrates through the Valley and does not breed. 2017. Lotts, Kelly and Thomas Naberhaus, et al. I was watching for a butterfly to emerge from the chrysalides we brought home to document, but some of the … California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), a low-maintenance shrub for USDA plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, and California lilac (Ceanothus thyrsiflorus), growing in zones 9 to 10, are both host plants … Common Name: California Tortoiseshell Along with the Painted Lady, this is a mass migrant that makes news at irregular intervals by tying up traffic! Season: Potentially any time of year, but mostly January to October. Photo Life History: Nymphalis californica Habitat: Mountain Canyons; Mountain Hilltops Host Plants: Ceanothus velutinus; Ceanothus martinii Suitable Lab Host Plants: Any Ceanothus spp.. How to Find Female Butterflies: Click here. Caterpillar Host Plants. You should have a mixture of host plants and nectar-rich flowering plants if you want to increase the variety of butterflies in your landscape. California Hairstreak, California Tortoiseshell, Echo Blue, Hedgerow Hairstreak, Pale Swallowtail, Western Brown Elfin Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. Many of the butterflies that are native to the El Dorado County area feed on California native plants found Ocean spray: Larval host for spring azure, brown elfin and Lorquin's admiral butterflies. Photo Life History: Nymphalis californica Habitat: Mountain Canyons; Mountain Hilltops Host Plants: Ceanothus velutinus; Ceanothus martinii Suitable Lab Host Plants: Any Ceanothus spp.. How to Find Female Butterflies: Click here. Photo by Doug Blackbund. The California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) is a native orange and black butterfly that migrates up and down in elevation as it searches for the perfect plant to lay its eggs. Same Nymphalis californica, the California Tortoiseshell. It is generally common in foothill canyons in late winter, ovipositing on the young, tender growth of various species of Wild Lilac (Ceanothus). Beginner Rearing Instructions: California Tortoiseshell. General description 6 Most similar to the Compton Tortoiseshell (Roddia l-album = N. vaualbum), but californica has a black dorsal hindwing margin, not heavily marked with orange-brown as in l-album.. Here's a list of host plants for our native butterfly caterpillars; plant them and watch your butterfly population grow! Art Shapiro’s Butterfly Site. Plants in the Ceanothus genus are host plants to the Spring Azure, Echo Blue, Pacuvius Duskywing, California Tortoiseshell, Pale Swallowtail, and Hedgerow Hairstreak butterflies. Also known as elephant foot yam, tortoise plant is a weird but wonderful plant named for its large tuberous stem that resembles a tortoise or an elephant’s foot, depending how you look at it. The caterpillars of most butterfly and moth species have evolved to eat the leaves of just a small number of plant species native to their geographic range, sometimes in just one genus of plants. Beginner Rearing Instructions: California Tortoiseshell. Host plant of the California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica), which only migrates through the Valley and does not breed. Interested in sightings of California Bay Area Native Butterfly Species mainly. “California Tortoiseshell”. One of this plants common names is wild lilac. 9 Jul. California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), a low-maintenance shrub for USDA plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, and California lilac (Ceanothus thyrsiflorus), growing in zones 9 to 10, are both host plants … This will help you decide which Butterfly Nectar Plants and Butterfly Host Plants you will want to plant when you create your butterfly garden. Compton Tortoiseshell’s habitat is edges and openings in moist deciduous and mixed coniferous forests. Range: Throughout Oregon. Below, California Tortoiseshell less distinctly two-toned, outer band more variable and more gray than brown. Abundance: Common. Creating a butterfly habitat generally involves planting two types of plants, host plants - the food for the butterfly larvae (caterpillars), and nectar plants for the adults (the butterflies). ... British Columbia south along the Pacific Coast to Baja California Norte, east to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. Attractive, heart-shaped vines grow from the corky bark of the tortoise plant. Butterfly Host Plants Be prepared for heavy munching on your host plants! Abundance: Common. Interested in sightings of California Bay Area Native Butterfly Species mainly. Close up shot of one of the larval host plants of the California tortoiseshell, snowbrush (Ceanothus velutinus) growing in a canyon near Leavenworth, Washington. That was one of the big shocks my wife, Sue, and I received during the tortoiseshell explosion of the '80s. http://butterfly.ucdavis.edu/butterfly/Nymphalis/californica, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). Sources of plants and seeds: California Native Plant Society (Dan Sonster) (949) … The California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) is a native orange and black butterfly that migrates up and down in elevation as it searches for the perfect plant to lay its eggs. Can commonly be seen throughout Lava Beds, particularly in the southern portion. Butterfly host plants are the specific plants that butterflies lay their eggs on or near so that their caterpillar larvae can eat the plant before forming its chrysalis. For California, these are some of the plants that are recommended for a butterfly garden. Nymphalis californica. What is a host plant? Adults will oviposit (lay eggs) only on various species of wild lilac (, ) where the immature butterflies will be hosted until they reach maturity(3). The Larva of the California Tortoise Shell Butterfly feeds on Ceanothus plants. An adult California tortoiseshell. Host plant: Ceanothus species include snowbrush (C. velutinus), deerbrush (C. integerrimus). Plants in the Ceanothus genus are host plants to the Spring Azure, Echo Blue, Pacuvius Duskywing, California Tortoiseshell, Pale Swallowtail, and Hedgerow Hairstreak butterflies. Adult butterflies lay their eggs on plants in the genus Ceanothus, also known as the California Lilacs. Both prostrate and erect forms are extremely attractive to all fall butterflies, including Blues, Ladies (Vanessa sp. Adults hibernate. Ventral of the California Tortoiseshell on the Mt Waterman Trail in the San Gabriels. Similar species: Above, Milbert's dark basally with bright orange rim. A California Tortoiseshell flashes its bright upperwing. One of this plants common names is wild lilac. Otherwise in mountain slopes, canyons, meadows, riversides, road edges and shorelines. These lovely butterflies can be identified by their bright orange upperwing which features black spots and black border(1). A California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) nectaring on a butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) in Vacaville, Calif. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey) The California Tortoiseshell is bright orange with black spots on the wings, but the underside is a dullish gray-brown, resembling a dead leaf. Its numbers in Massachusetts probably declined during the period of forest loss 1600-1850 . Types of Flowers Caterpillars Like. California Hairstreak, California Tortoiseshell, Echo Blue, Hedgerow Hairstreak, Pale Swallowtail, Western Brown Elfin Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. The California tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae.. The California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) is a native orange and black butterfly that migrates up and down in elevation as it searches for the perfect plant to lay its eggs. For California, these are some of the plants that are recommended for a butterfly garden. Providing nectar in your garden for butterflies is an excellent idea, but providing plants for them to munch on while they are caterpillars is better! Bumblebees, carpenter bees, honey bees, digger bees and a variety of small native bees collect the nectar of this evergreen shrub. The abundance of their host plant - Ceanothus- helps explain their abundance many years. Range: Throughout Oregon. When in larval(caterpillar) form. Butterfly host plants are the specific plants that butterflies lay their eggs on or near so that their caterpillar larvae can eat the plant before forming its chrysalis. Wild lilac or blue blossom shrubs, Ceanothus species, may get the prize for most butterfly species hosted: Pale swallowtail, California tortoiseshell, hedgerow hairstreak, brown elfin, echo blue … Blueblossom: Larval host for pale swallowtail, California tortoiseshell and echo blue butterflies. Host Plants and Habitat. Wild lilacs are larval host plants for the pale swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon) and California tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) buterflies. This will help you decide which Butterfly Nectar Plants and Butterfly Host Plants you will want to plant when you create your butterfly garden. http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/, Ross A. Layberry, Peter W. Hall, and J. Donald Lafontaine. Alison Sheehey prepared this information from field records of Ken Davenport, author of "Butterflies of Kern and Tulare Counties, California", Gillette Museum, Colorado State University. The second type are the nectar plants for the adult butterflies. Wild lilac or blue blossom shrubs, Ceanothus species, may get the prize for most butterfly species hosted: Pale swallowtail, California tortoiseshell, hedgerow hairstreak, brown elfin, echo blue … Underside looks like a dead leaf and is dark mottled brown with darker wing bases; hindwing This entry is from Isabella Messer, an undergraduate horticulture student at Oregon State University. An adult California tortoiseshell. Wild lilacs are larval host plants for the pale swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon) and California tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) buterflies. ). Some nectar-producing plants include butterfly weed, milkweed, butterfly bush, ironweed, asters, verbena, common zinnia, Mexican sunflower, tickseed sunflower, Brazilian vervain, and chaste tree. These plants are basically sacrificial plants that you add to the garden and allow the caterpillars to feast on and grow into healthy butterflies. Creating a butterfly habitat generally involves planting two types of plants, host plants - the food for the butterfly larvae (caterpillars), and nectar plants for the adults (the butterflies). They range in size from two foot anywhere to twenty foot and have flowers anywhere from white, to blue, to lavender. ... Eggs are laid in bunches on the host plant; caterpillars eat leaves and feed together when young. Photo by Doug Backlund. Photos from Alison Sheehey's collection, Phil Nordin and from pinned specimens donated to … Attractive, heart-shaped vines grow from the corky bark of the tortoise plant. Caring for Live Female Butterflies: Nectaring techniques What is a Butterfly or Moth Host Plant? Below striated two-toned with darker inner half and brown outer half with darker margin, and often a dark gray-blue submarginal line. The tattered and worn adults show themselves in April and May, mating and laying eggs on mountain balm, found mostly along the mountains of the Pacific Northwest as host plant for their caterpillars. Tortoise Plant Info. They can generally be found in mountainous regions in chaparral, woodland and brush areas(1). Butterflies are pollinators and important indicators of climate change because their distribution reflects environmental conditions. The cause of these population explosions is unknown. Butterflies and Moths of North America. is a cool-weather induced phenotype according to Guppy & Shepard (2001). ), Buckeye Providing nectar in your garden for butterflies is an excellent idea, but providing plants for them to munch on while they are caterpillars is better! Their underwings are mottled brown and gray and resemble dead leaves(2). The caterpillars of most butterfly and moth species have evolved to eat the leaves of just a small number of plant species native to their geographic range, sometimes in just one genus of plants. Adult. When the California Tortoiseshells experience a population explosion in the summer(1), some populations have been known to travel as far east as Vermont, New York and Pennsylvania(2). Below, Milbert's Tortoiseshell more distinctly two-toned, outer band lighter, more variable and more gray than brown. Published by the Center for Pathobiology, University of California, Irvine. Wildlife Supported Insects, especially bees and butterflies, are attracted to the flowers. The tattered and worn adults show themselves in April and May, mating and laying eggs on mountain balm, found mostly along the mountains of the Pacific Northwest as host plant for their caterpillars. Above bright orange with black and white patches on the leading edge of FW, a few smaller black spots on FW, and dark border on FW and HW. Below is a short list of species. Although most host plants are trees or perennials, certain butterflies select shrubs. “California Tortoiseshell”. The California tortoiseshell is known for having population explosions which cause the butterflies to migrate to new areas. It is generally common in foothill canyons in late winter, ovipositing on the young, tender growth of various species of Wild Lilac (Ceanothus). Habitat: Wherever nettles grow, often in wet areas or along waterways. pomeridianum soap plant Here's a list of host plants for our native butterfly caterpillars; plant them and watch your butterfly population grow! The upper wing surface is orange-brown with large black spots and dark wing borders. Wildlife Supported Insects, especially bees and butterflies, are attracted to the flowers. consanguinea): Blooms from August to November. Some nectar-producing plants include butterfly weed, milkweed, butterfly bush, ironweed, asters, verbena, common zinnia, Mexican sunflower, tickseed sunflower, Brazilian vervain, and chaste tree. Caterpillar Host Plants. With the re-growth of forests after 1860, some habitat was re-established. The cause of these population explosions is unknown. You should have a mixture of host plants and nectar-rich flowering plants if you want to increase the variety of butterflies in your landscape. pomeridianum soap plant Butterflies are pollinators and important indicators of climate change because their distribution reflects environmental conditions. There are no described subspecies; the name herri mentioned by Bird et al. Butterflies and Moths of North America. While the majority may be in California, the California Tortoiseshell habitat range stretches south from British Columbia to Mexico and east from California to Wyoming(1). The cleverly disguised underwings of the California Tortoiseshell. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey) Common Name: California Tortoiseshell Along with the Painted Lady, this is a mass migrant that makes news at irregular intervals by tying up traffic! Key ID features:  Above bright orange with black and white patches on the leading edge of FW, a few smaller black spots on FW, and dark border on FW and HW. Caring for Live Female Butterflies: Nectaring techniques They range in size from two foot anywhere to twenty foot and have flowers anywhere from white, to blue, to lavender. Host plant: Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica). The most important butterfly plants (they support the largest variety of butterflies in California) that we grow are Eriogonum spp., Lupinus spp., Salix spp., Quercus spp, and Ceanothus spp. “Nymphalis californica”. Despite the misleading name, we have unfortunately not discovered a new cross species between California butterflies and tortoiseshell cats. Host plant: Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica). Host plant: Ceanothus species include snowbrush (C. velutinus), deerbrush (C. integerrimus). Unlike some of the other pollinators that we have discussed over the months, the California Tortoiseshell Butterfly is somewhat picky when it comes to choice of host plant for the immature and habitat mature butterflies. Photos from Alison Sheehey's collection, Phil Nordin and from pinned specimens donated to … There are over 50 species of Ceanothus found in California. The California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) is a native orange and black butterfly that migrates up and down in elevation as it searches for the perfect plant to lay its eggs. Below is a short list of species. Socio-ecological research in urban and suburban garden systems, As you may be able to guess, the largest populations of the California Tortoiseshell (, (Boisduval, 1852)) are located across California(. Below, California Tortoiseshell less distinctly two-toned, outer band more variable and more gray than brown. When in larval(caterpillar) form, N. californica can be identified by its all-black appearance with the exception of a white line running down its back and the slight blue at the base of its black spines(2). Habitat: While dispersing, may be found in any habitat, including in the middle of urban areas. Coyotebrush (Baccharis pilularis and ssp. Abundance: Common, abundant in some years. The second type are the nectar plants for the adult butterflies. CNPS Gallery - Butterfly Plants by Karen Callahan. Nymphalis californica. Season: Potentially any time of year, but mostly January to October. are less specific about their habitats by the time the reach maturity. Butterflies & moths hosted (14 confirmed, 79 likely *) SHOW ALL Adult N. californica are less specific about their habitats by the time the reach maturity. The underside is dark mottled brown, darker at the base of the wings; the hindwing does not have a centered silver spot. Adult butterflies lay their eggs on plants in the genus Ceanothus, also known as the California Lilacs. As temperatures and precipitation patterns changes, butterflies shift their distribution to conditions where they can survive and reproduce. Caterpillars, the larval form of butterflies, are voracious but picky eaters. California Tortoiseshell Butterfly eggs, caterpillar, pupa, & adult description, their wingspan, flight pattern, host plants, distribution, images The most important butterfly plants (they support the largest variety of butterflies in California) that we grow are Eriogonum spp., Lupinus spp., Salix spp., Quercus spp, and Ceanothus spp. What is a Butterfly or Moth Host Plant? Below, Milbert's Tortoiseshell more distinctly two-toned, outer band lighter, more variable and more gray than brown. When looking for caterpillars, either seek small clusters of black spiny larvae or look for larger larvae. In many instances the host larval plant for the species is provided to help visitors and members decide on the types of plants that might be suited to their vision of a butterfly garden. That was one of the big shocks my wife, Sue, and I received during the tortoiseshell explosion of the '80s. The caterpillars feed on lilac plants. Their underwings are mottled brown and gray and resemble dead leaves(2). What is a tortoise plant? can be identified by its all-black appearance with the exception of a white line running down its back and the slight blue at the base of its black spines(2). Throughout Lava Beds, particularly in the southern portion brought home to document, but some the. ), deerbrush ( C. integerrimus ) digger bees and a variety of native... Does not breed precipitation patterns changes, butterflies shift their distribution to conditions where they survive! 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