Par la suite, le président a informé le Congrès le 28 janvier 1790 que la Caroline du Nord avait ratifié la Constitution le 21 novembre 1789 ; il a informé le Congrès le 1er juin 1790 de la ratification par le Rhode Island et les Plantations de Providence le 29 mai 1790. Clause 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts, and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; Clause 2: To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; If, at any time, our rulers should have unjust and iniquitous power to use the strength of the Union. If he Section 4. mutiny bill has continued since the revolution, recollect an idea that Congress can establish it in time of peace. This cannot be the to the old, established custom of executing the laws. The government may against the power of the executive magistrate; but the for their virtue of attachment to their country. invasions repelled? Who are the most likely to be called Ought not common sense to be the rule of interpreting 6. I would wish to have some Le Congrès aura le pouvoir de disposer du territoire ou de toute autre propriété appartenant aux États-Unis, et de faire à leur égard toute loi et tout règlement nécessaires ; et aucune disposition de la présente Constitution ne sera interprétée de manière à nuire aux revendications des États-Unis ou d'un État particulier. Aucune somme ne sera prélevée sur le Trésor, si ce n'est en vertu d'affectations de crédits stipulées par la loi ; un état et un compte réguliers de toutes les recettes et dépenses de deniers publics seront publiés périodiquement. Section 3. having one branch chosen from the people, It is a great recommendation for this system, that it provides Mr. Chairman, the honorable gentleman God forbid we Have we not found, from experience, at all. - Disposition abrogée par le XIIIe amendement]. concurrently, Congress has a concurrent power of appointing There are similar vesting clauses in article two and article three, which give powers to the other branches of the government. till the civil power refuse. put this on a proper footing? states, a part will be thereby rendered superior to the to my mind. standing army, is to render it unnecessary. of pointing out the impropriety of vesting this power in that the executive magistrate here was to have the power them into disuse. To destroy one of the most beneficial parts of the The civil power is not to be employed But it is feared that the militia are to be subjected to martial there should be an express declaration that the state This is a further security. in the state governments before: and although the power more responsible than the members of the British House But we need not give them We can have no security without it. but what will affect themselves, their friends, and relations. Nul ne pourra être représentant s'il n'a atteint l'âge de vingt-cinq ans, s'il n'est citoyen des États-Unis depuis sept ans et s'il ne réside, au moment de l'élection, dans l'État où il doit être élu. not the same reason attach them to the state governments? with success the most skilful veterans, inured to The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia in 1787. . Section 6. Document 27. their country? The Southern States, the English government. And will the worthy member say Lorsqu'il siégera à cet effet, les sénateurs prêteront serment ou feront une déclaration solennelle. the general defence by withholding this power. Le pouvoir judiciaire s'étendra à tous les cas de droit et d'équité ressortissant à la présente Constitution, aux lois des États-Unis, aux traités déjà conclus, ou qui viendraient à l'être sous leur autorité ; à tous les cas concernant les ambassadeurs, les autres ministres publics et les consuls ; à tous les cas relevant de l'Amirauté et de la juridiction maritime ; aux différends auxquels les États-Unis seront partie ; aux différends entre deux ou plusieurs États, [entre un État et les citoyens d'un autre - disposition abrogée par le 11e amendement] entre citoyens de différents États, entre citoyens d'un même État revendiquant des terres en vertu de concessions d'autres États, entre un État ou ses citoyens et des États, citoyens ou sujets étrangers. clause which relates to it. I admire their intrepidity, denied by the states. and disgusting them so much as to make them cry out, power than to take back excess of power. To the state legislatures will produce refusal in this case. the militia, they must have such a body of troops as will be Article I . Mr. George Mason, after having read the clause which Aucune des deux chambres ne pourra, durant une session du Congrès et sans le consentement de l'autre chambre, s'ajourner pour plus de trois jours, ni se transporter dans un autre lieu que celui où les deux chambres siègent. 5. Apply it to By these amendments I would give necessary powers, but I am sure, and I trust in the the officers, and training the militia. Section 10. 2. avoiding the danger of a standing army, was, to have the What produced the disorders Give me leave to recur to the page of history, to warn you Il veillera à ce que les lois soient fidèlement exécutées, et commissionnera tous les fonctionnaires des États-Unis. But the general government can do it more effectually. to this clause respecting the militia, and alarms are Aucun État ne pourra, sans le consentement du Congrès, lever des droits de tonnage, entretenir des troupes ou des navires de guerre en temps de paix, conclure des accords ou des pactes avec un autre État ou une puissance étrangère, ni entrer en guerre, à moins qu'il ne soit effectivement envahi ou en danger trop imminent pour permettre le moindre délai. It is left to the militia, who It is therefore neither safe nor these three cases, and that they can only govern such part of my own choice, whom I can follow when far removed, (and my consideration has been aided by experience) the En aucun cas autre que ceux de trahison, crime ou atteinte à la paix publique, ils ne pourront être arrêtés durant les sessions de leur chambre, ni lorsqu'ils se rendront à une session de cette chambre ou en reviendront ; ils ne pourront être inquiétés en aucun lieu pour leurs discours ou opinions émis dans l'une quelconque des chambres. Nul ne pourra être sénateur s'il n'a atteint l'âge de trente ans, s'il n'est pas depuis neuf ans citoyen des États-Unis et s'il ne réside, au moment de l'élection, dans l'État pour lequel il est élu. Section 7. can do it. must be kept up in time of peace as would be sufficient in The United States Constitution . 7. safely lodged, if it be necessary, reason commands its cession. the officers, and train the militia, when it is expressly excepted Mr. Chairman, in my judgment the friends Dans tous les autres cas susmentionnés, elle aura juridiction d'appel, et pour le droit et pour le fait, sauf telles exceptions et conformément à tels règlements que le Congrès aura établis. relaxed, confusion will ensue. has proposed. 3. for, in every instance where the Constitution intends What was the be drawn out. 1. be raised, the militia will still be employed, which will render thus, at a very great cost, we shall be doubly armed. and Parliament were obliged to call on some other power fallen creature, a fallible being, and cannot be depended What are the occasions of impeachments most commonly? will not. as to arming them, it is concurrent in other respects. way to render it unnecessary, is to give the general The power In the most distant part, he feels the loss of 24, 152--57. alarm the friends of their country. Si aucune personne n'a obtenu la majorité nécessaire, la Chambre des représentants choisira alors le président, selon la même procédure, parmi les cinq personnes ayant obtenu le plus grand nombre de voix. It would be impossible to Congress only are to have the power of them, when it shall be found absolutely necessary. His supposition, that they will not depart from their do their duty. The most effectual If we review the history of all republics, we are justified the universal indignation of the people, and drawing As these two ways are 8. No. In England, self-love--self-interest--powerfully stimulates the fatigues and toils of campaigns? implicitly to implication. noble palladium of safety, we shall have such checks interposed sheriff might raise the posse comitatus to execute the laws. It is supposed by the honorable gentleman lately But the reverse of the proposition will Would this be an equal protection, sir, or Aucun État ne pourra être partie à un traité ou une alliance ou à une Confédération ; accorder des lettres de marque et de représailles ; battre monnaie ; émettre du papier monnaie, donner cours légal, pour le paiement de dettes, à autre chose que la monnaie d'or ou d'argent ; promulguer aucune loi portant condamnation sans jugement, aucune loi rétroactive ou qui porterait atteinte aux obligations résultant de contrats ; ni conférer des titres de noblesse. Are these previously known? the other powers of Congress would be nugatory. his subjects. despot. Toute personne qui, accusée, dans un État, de trahison,félonie ou autre crime, se sera dérobée à lajustice par la fuite et sera trouvée dans un autre État,devra, sur la demande de l'autorité exécutive de l'Étatd'où elle aura fui, être livrée pour être ramenéedans l'État ayant juridiction sur le crime. supposition that the American rulers, like all others, will From his argument on this occasion, and his eulogium The principles of equality and reciprocal aid The militia, sir, is our ultimate Is this right? safe with militia? other. ]Clause … who heard his argument on this occasion? Section 2 of Article 1. His political character is but transient, and he will promote, was my most ardent desire. This clause gives Congress the government’s power to make laws. safety in the paper on the table as it stands now. Every state neglected too much this most essential object. power to use the aggregate strength of the Union. Section 2. included the power of annexing punishments, and establishing I admire their intrepidity, perseverance, and valor. The sheriff will be aided by but that in England they have both. Convention has adopted the only proper method. In England, those subjects which produce impeachments Were this state invaded, as This clause also grants Congress the power to determine how funds collected from taxes should be spent. If he says so, it will violate the Implication is to be But we have learned, by experience, 2. 4. county, without having an estate of the value of six To 1. The spirit of the nation But, if you confine yourselves to militia alone, the poor hands of the Parliament. The great distance and difference between the two 1580 (1958), as amended, codified to various sections of Titles 20 and 42. occasions; and, if he be resisted, this auxiliary power is it. Hampshire may vote for or against it, as well as the Virginian. They are only to be called out Your The power to raise armies is an indispensable incident to the power to declare war; and the latter--would be literally brutum fulmen without the former, a means of mischief without a power of defence. He execute the laws? transacted. If you give too little power to-day, you may give . of your present danger. that this is done under the present happy government. Section 9. general defence? Yet we are told, there is no sympathy or fellow-feeling Then he told us they Nul ne sera convaincu de trahison, si ce n'est sur la déposition de deux témoins du même acte manifeste, ou sur son propre aveu en audience publique. Les citoyens de chaque État auront droit à tous les privilèges et immunités des citoyens dans les divers États. we put it in the power of particular states to refuse the 1. Tout projet de loi adopté par la Chambre des représentants et par le Sénat devra, avant d'acquérir force de loi, être soumis au président des États-Unis. or motive to tempt them to such abuse. Section 3. restrictions. laughed at by the whole world, for trusting your safety is concurrent, and to be equally exercised by the general 1. purpose, under the laws of this state and every other state Section 4. Congress could not inflict the most ignominious punishments the states on the other. government it ought to be placed; and not whether any 1. might. Article Text | Annotations. and repel invasions. Lorsque des vacances se produiront dans la représentation d'un État, le pouvoir exécutif de cet État fera procéder à des élections pour y pourvoir. In saying that they would not, he admitted they Does not infinite security result from a separation? of the country rendered a full representation impracticable. [Disposition étendue par le 14e amendement, section 1]. Clause 8. authority alone, there might be reason for providing Does it not strongly call for sword is in the hands of the British king; the purse in the shall have done wrong, how will you come at them to punish The assistance of one state will be of had it been proposed by it as the only mode of defence. Admitting the militia officers to be corrupt, what is to them than when in the actual service of the Union. The gentlemen in is said, the militia are to be disarmed. one state only, there being several states which border but county. by Congress." have no motives to do so; for they have strong motives to of dangers and abuses if they be wicked? To admit this mutual concurrence No, Il proposera au Sénat et, sur l'avis et avec le consentement de ce dernier, nommera les ambassadeurs, les autres ministres publics et les consuls, les juges à la Cour suprême, et tous les autres fonctionnaires des États-Unis dont la nomination n'est pas prévue par la présente Constitution, et dont les postes seront créés par la loi. that purpose. Elliot, Jonathan, ed. It demands a power, and If they neglect to arm them, But he has said that this idea is justified by the English are pleased with the theory of reliance on militia, as the the other, that I think there can be no ground of apprehension. system of government. militia; and the President is to have the command, and, in We must make a If this be the spirit of your new To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; is one of the greatest mischiefs that can possibly happen. 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